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XopDXcc8004, a type III effector of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) 8004, is considered a shorter version of the XopD, which lacks the N-terminal domain. To understand the functions of XopDXcc8004, in planta, a transgenic approach combined with inducible promoter to analyze the effects of XopDXcc8004 in Arabidopsis was done. Here, the expression(More)
consequences of current and recent land-cover trends for the An approach to simulating land-cover change based on pairs of future fragmentation of the landscape. classified images is presented. The method conditions the Transition probability models have been used extensively simulations on three sources of information: an initial land-cover for analysis(More)
In memory of my grandmother ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Time flies, doesn't it? I can still clearly remember how nervous I was the day I arrived in the US to start this journey—an unforgettable experience filled with joys and tears. It is hard to believe that I have passed the tasks and reached the summit. This dissertation, the culmination of my years in graduate(More)
Endomorphin-2 (EM2) demonstrates a potent antinociceptive effect via the μ-opioid receptor (MOR). To provide morphological evidence for the pain control effect of EM2, the synaptic connections between EM2-immunoreactive (IR) axonal terminals and γ-amino butyric acid (GABA)/MOR co-expressing neurons in lamina II of the spinal trigeminal caudal nucleus (Vc)(More)
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