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Among image segmentation algorithms there are two major groups: (a) methods assuming known appearance models and (b) methods estimating appearance models jointly with segmentation. Typically, the first group optimizes appearance log-likelihoods in combination with some spacial regularization. This problem is relatively simple and many methods guarantee(More)
To evaluate the efficacy of green tea polyphenols (GTPs) in modulating aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) biomarkers, a total of 352 serum samples and 352 urine samples collected from a 3 month chemoprevention trial with 500 mg GTPs, 1000 mg GTPs and a placebo were measured for AFB(1)-albumin adducts (AFB-AA), aflatoxin M(1) (AFM(1)) and aflatoxin B(1)-mercapturic(More)
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and T-2 toxin (T-2) are important food-borne mycotoxins that have been implicated in human health and as potential biochemical weapons threats. In this study the acute and combinative toxicity of AFB1 and T-2 were tested in F-344 rats, mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis), immortalized human hepatoma cells (HepG2) and human bronchial(More)
Modulation of urinary excretion of green tea polyphenols (GTPs) and oxidative DNA damage biomarker, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), were assessed in urine samples collected from a randomized, double-blinded and placebo-controlled phase IIa chemoprevention trial with GTP in 124 individuals. These individuals were sero-positive for both HBsAg and(More)
The increased application of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has raised the level of public concern regarding possible toxicities. Using in vitro cellular assays, we were able to assess the immunotoxicity of pristine multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and their derivatives, covalently functionalized with carboxyl (COOH) or polyethylene glycol (PEG), in rodent(More)
Nanoparticle in vivo characteristics and interactions between nanoparticles and organisms are key components of nanotoxicology. 1H NMR was used to analyze rat urine metabolites exposed to TiO, nanopartcles by intratracheal instillation in low (0.8 mg/kg), medium (4 mg/kg) and high doses (20 mg/kg). Significant metabolite (Acetate, Valine, Dimethylamine,(More)
BACKGROUND This study explored the pharmacokinetic parameters and tissue distribution of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe(3)O(4) MNPs) in imprinting control region (ICR) mice. METHODS The Fe(3)O(4) MNPs were synthesized by chemical coprecipitation, and their morphology and appearance were observed by transmission electron microscopy. ICR mice were(More)
Hepatic fibrosis is a common form of wound healing in response to chronic liver injuries and can lead to more serious complications, including mortality. It is well‑established that hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are central mediators of hepatic fibrosis, and matrix metalloproteinase‑2 (MMP‑2) is important in the formation of liver fibrosis. In addition,(More)
RORγt is necessary for the generation of TH17 cells but the molecular mechanisms for the regulation of TH17 cells are still not fully understood. We show that activation of CD4⁺ T cells results in the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). iNOS-deficient mice displayed enhanced T(H)17 cell differentiation but without major effects on either(More)