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Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and T-2 toxin (T-2) are important food-borne mycotoxins that have been implicated in human health and as potential biochemical weapons threats. In this study the acute and combinative toxicity of AFB1 and T-2 were tested in F-344 rats, mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis), immortalized human hepatoma cells (HepG2) and human bronchial(More)
Among image segmentation algorithms there are two major groups: (a) methods assuming known appearance models and (b) methods estimating appearance models jointly with segmentation. Typically, the first group optimizes appearance log-likelihoods in combination with some spacial regularization. This problem is relatively simple and many methods guarantee(More)
Nanoparticle in vivo characteristics and interactions between nanoparticles and organisms are key components of nanotoxicology. 1H NMR was used to analyze rat urine metabolites exposed to TiO, nanopartcles by intratracheal instillation in low (0.8 mg/kg), medium (4 mg/kg) and high doses (20 mg/kg). Significant metabolite (Acetate, Valine, Dimethylamine,(More)
To evaluate the efficacy of green tea polyphenols (GTPs) in modulating aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) biomarkers, a total of 352 serum samples and 352 urine samples collected from a 3 month chemoprevention trial with 500 mg GTPs, 1000 mg GTPs and a placebo were measured for AFB(1)-albumin adducts (AFB-AA), aflatoxin M(1) (AFM(1)) and aflatoxin B(1)-mercapturic(More)
The increased application of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has raised the level of public concern regarding possible toxicities. Using in vitro cellular assays, we were able to assess the immunotoxicity of pristine multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and their derivatives, covalently functionalized with carboxyl (COOH) or polyethylene glycol (PEG), in rodent(More)
Previous studies demonstrate that the exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) damages the central nervous system of mice; however, very little is known about the effects of TiO(2) NPs on hippocampal apoptosis or its molecular mechanism. The present study investigated the molecular mechanism associated with hippocampal apoptosis in mice(More)
Modulation of urinary excretion of green tea polyphenols (GTPs) and oxidative DNA damage biomarker, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), were assessed in urine samples collected from a randomized, double-blinded and placebo-controlled phase IIa chemoprevention trial with GTP in 124 individuals. These individuals were sero-positive for both HBsAg and(More)
Although numerous studies have described the accumulation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) in the liver, kidneys, lung, spleen, and brain, and the corresponding damage, it is unclear whether or not TiO(2) NPs can be translocated to the ovary and cause ovarian injury, thus impairing fertility. In the current study, ovarian injury and(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated that damage of kidney of mice can be caused by exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs). However, the molecular mechanism of TiO(2) NPs-induced nephric injury remains unclear. In this study, the mechanism of nephric injury in mice induced by an intragastric administration of TiO(2) NPs was investigated. The(More)