Meng-Shan Tan

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Alzheimer’s disease (AD), as a neurodegenerative process caused by widespread senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, is faced with an increasingly higher incidence as the global aging develops. Cognitive reserve (CR) hypothesis is proposed to elucidate the disjunction between cognitive performance and the pathological level of AD, positing that some(More)
The vast majority of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are late-onset forms (LOAD) likely due to the interplay of environmental influences and individual genetic susceptibility. Epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, histone modifications and non-coding RNAs, constitute dynamic intracellular processes for translating environmental stimuli into(More)
Recent studies have reported that a rare mutation of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 gene (TREM2 [rs75932628-T]) has significantly increased the risk of late-onset Alzhemier's disease (LOAD) in European-descendent population. To date, no study has investigated the association between rare mutations of TREM2 and LOAD risk in non-European(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the brain, which is characterized by the formation of extracellular amyloid plaques (or senile plaques) and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles. However, increasing evidences demonstrated that neuroinflammatory changes, including chronic microgliosis are key pathological components of(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs of 21-25 nucleotides that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expressions. Recently, circulating miRNAs have been reported as promising biomarkers for neurodegenerative disorders and processes affecting the central nervous system. This study was conducted to investigate the potential role of serum(More)
TREM2 has been reported to be associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we evaluated TREM2 mRNA and protein expressions in peripheral blood from AD patients and healthy controls. Higher levels of TREM2 mRNA (p = 0.002) and protein (p < 0.001) were identified in AD patients. We observed a significant correlation between TREM2 expressions and MMSE score(More)
BACKGROUND Although peripheral blood adipokines and insulin levels have been considered to be biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD), previous researches about levels of adipokines and insulin in blood are no conclusive. We designed this meta-analysis to validate whether peripheral adipokines and insulin can be used as a candidate biomarker in AD diagnosis.(More)
BACKGROUND Research into Ginkgo biloba has been ongoing for many years, while the benefit and adverse effects of Ginkgo biloba extract EGb761 for cognitive impairment and dementia has been discussed controversially. OBJECTIVE To discuss new evidence on the clinical and adverse effects of standardized Ginkgo biloba extract EGb761 for cognitive impairment(More)
Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) gene is a recently identified susceptibility gene for Alzheimer's disease (AD), as its low-frequency variants increase the risk of this disease with an odds ratio similar to that of an APOE ɛ4 allele. To date, the expression and biologic functions of TREM2 under AD context remain largely unknown.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent clinical trials report that metformin, an activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) used to treat type 2 diabetes, significantly reduces the risk of stroke by actions that are independent of its glucose-lowering effects. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not known. Here, we tested the possibility that(More)