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miRNAs have emerged as post-transcriptional regulators that are critically involved in the pathogenesis of a number of human cancers. Cdc42, one of the best characterized members of the Rho GTPase family, is found to be up-regulated in several types of human tumors and has been implicated in cancer initiation and progression. In the present study, we have(More)
Although Rho family GTPases RhoA, RhoB and RhoC share more than 85% amino acid sequence identity, they may play distinct roles in tumor progression. RhoA and RhoC have been suggested to have positive effects on tumor progression, but the role of RhoB in cancer, particularly in gastric cancer, remains unclear. In our study, we have examined the expression(More)
Penile Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) is a rare cancer with poor prognosis and limited response to conventional chemotherapy. The genetic and epigenetic alterations of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR)-RAS-RAF signaling in penile SCC are unclear. This study aims to investigate four key members of this pathway in penile SCC. We examined the expression(More)
Metal/insulator/metal metasurfaces have widely applications ranging from perfect absorption to phase modulation, but the mechanism of these functionalities are not yet fully understood. Here, based on a coupled-mode analysis, we establish a complete phase diagram through two simple parameters, which lays a solid basis for realizing functional and tunable(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Chemotherapy is the main treatment for colon cancer, while multidrug-resistance is the main reason for chemotherapy failure and tumor relapse. This study was to establish two oxaliplatin-resistant colon cancer cell lines and evaluate their biological characteristics. METHODS Oxaliplatin-resistant colon cancer cell lines(More)
It has become increasingly clear that microRNAs play an important role in many human diseases including cancer. Here, we show that expression of miR-21 in HEK293 and several colorectal cancer cells was found inversely correlated with ras homolog gene family, member B (RhoB) expression. miR-21 expression significantly suppressed RhoB 3' UTR(More)
Anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (anti-EGFR MoAbs) in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) treatment are still not effective in all patients. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between BRAF V600E mutation and the tumor response of anti-EGFR MoAbs for first-line treatment in mCRC patients. We searched the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases, using the key(More)
Antiangiogenic drugs inhibit tumor growth by decreasing blood supply and causing transient “normalization” of the tumor vasculature, thereby improving the delivery of systemic chemotherapy. A higher dose of antiangiogenic drugs may lead to a more marked decrease in intratumoral blood flow but may concomitantly cause a decrease in delivery of(More)
Our previous study showed that the features of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-RAS signaling in penile squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) suggested potential benefits of anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) for penile SCC. Here, we report, for the first time, a combination of nimotuzumab (an EGFR mAb) with chemotherapy that resulted in a partial(More)
RhoA, a member of the Rho GTPase family, has been extensively studied in the regulation of cytoskeletal dynamics, gene transcription, cell cycle progression, and cell transformation. Overexpression of RhoA is found in many malignancies and elevated RhoA activity is associated with proliferation phenotypes of cancer cells. We reported previously that RhoA(More)