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| Noninvasive molecular and functional imaging in vivo is promising for detecting and monitoring various physiological conditions in animals and ultimately humans. To this end, we present a novel noninvasive technology, spectroscopic photoacoustic tomography (SPAT), which offers both strong optical absorption contrast and high ultrasonic spatial resolution.(More)
Sound-velocity inhomogeneities degrade both spatial and contrast resolutions. This paper proposes a new adaptive imaging technique that uses the generalized coherence factor (GCF) to reduce the focusing errors resulting from the sound-velocity inhomogeneities. The GCF is derived from the spatial spectrum of the received aperture data after proper receive(More)
Nanomedicine can provide a multi-functional platform for image-guided diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Although gold nanorods (GNRs) have been developed for photoacoustic (PA) imaging and near infra-red (NIR) photothermal applications, their efficiency has remained limited by low thermal stability. Here we present the synthesis, characterization, and(More)
Viral hepatitis causes fibrosis in the liver and may change mechanical properties of the liver. To evaluate the impact of fibrosis on elastic properties of human liver and to investigate potential benefits of ultrasonic elasticity imaging, 19 fresh human liver samples and 1 hepatic tumor (focal nodular hyperplasia) sample obtained during operations were(More)
Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR2/3) agonists once showed promise as non-dopaminergic antipsychotic drugs because of their efficacy in alleviating symptoms of schizophrenia (SZ) in both animal models and human patients. However, the recent failure of Phase III clinical trials dealt a huge blow to the scientific community and the aftershock of(More)
Dual-wavelength reflection-mode photoacoustic microscopy is used to noninvasively obtain three-dimensional (3-D) images of subcutaneous melanomas and their surrounding vasculature in nude mice in vivo. The absorption coefficients of blood and melanin-pigmented melanomas vary greatly relative to each other at these two optical wavelengths (764 and 584 nm).(More)
Hypoxia is a critical event in tumor progression and angiogenesis. Hypoxia can be detected noninvasively by a novel spectroscopic photoacoustic tomography technology (SPAT) and this finding is supported by our molecular biology investigation aimed to elucidate the etiopathogenesis of SPAT detected hypoxia and angiogenesis. The present study provides an(More)
Synthetic aperture focusing using a virtual source was used previously to increase the penetration and to extend the depth of focus in high-frequency ultrasonic imaging. However, the performance of synthetic aperture focusing is limited by its high sidelobes. In this paper, an adaptive weighting technique based on a focusing-quality index is introduced to(More)
A multifunctional nanoseaurchin probe in which mesoporous silica nanobeads with iron oxide nanoparticles embedded and multi-gold nanorods crystal-seeded are fabricated and labeled with umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells through endocytosis. This nanoplatform enables efficient magnetic remote-controlled guiding for stem cell homing, and provides dual(More)
Most conventional blood flow estimation methods measure only the axial component of the blood velocity vector. In this study, we developed a new method for two-dimensional (2-D) velocity vector estimation in which time shifts resulting from blood motion are calculated for the individual channels using aperture domain data. This allows the construction of a(More)