Meng-Li Tsai

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Chronic single-unit recording in subcortical brain regions is increasingly important in neurophysiological studies. However, methods for long-term, stable recording of multiple single-units in deep brain regions and in dura-surrounded ganglion have not yet been established. In the present study, we propose a bundled microwire array design which is capable(More)
We herein introduce an automated three-dimensional (3D) locomotion tracking and pose reconstruction system for rodents with superior robustness, rapidity, reliability, resolution, simplicity, and cost. An off-the-shelf composite infrared (IR) range camera was adopted to grab high-resolution depth images (640×480×2048 pixels at 20Hz) in our system for(More)
Pain is a natural alarm that aids the body in avoiding potential danger and can also present as an important indicator in clinics. Infrared laser-evoked potentials can be used as an objective index to evaluate nociception. In animal studies, a short-pulse laser is crucial because it completes the stimulation before escape behavior. The objective of the(More)
The transection of the inferior alveolar nerve (IANx) produces allodynia in the whisker pad (V2 division) of rats. Ectopic discharges from injured trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons and thalamocortical reorganization are possible contributors to the sensitization of uninjured V2 primary and CNS neurons. To test which factor is more important, TG and(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood neuropsychiatric disorders. Based on neuroimaging studies, the striatum is reported to be abnormal in size, but it is still not clear how they change during developmental stages. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) are the commonly used animal model for ADHD. We(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol is a widely abused substance and is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The precise mechanisms underlying ethanol (EtOH)'s actions in the central nervous system (CNS) remain elusive. In vitro studies suggest that GABAergic interneurons are important targets of EtOH action in the CNS. Although EtOH generally acts(More)
Evoked potential and ensemble neuronal activities were used to study the responses of the primary sensorimotor cortex (SmI) to noxious CO(2) laser irradiation of the middle part of the tail in conscious behaving rats. The hypothesis that systemic morphine treatment preferentially attenuates the longer-latency laser-evoked cortical responses was also tested.(More)
Microwire array electrodes are important in multi-site, multiple single-unit recording experiments. A simple method is described herein for the construction of microwire arrays consisting of evenly spaced insulated microwires in either horizontal or vertical orientations. Several key steps in the fabrication of a good microwire array electrode are made(More)
BACKGROUND Mice that have defects in their low-threshold T-type calcium channel (T-channel) genes show altered pain behaviors. The changes in the ratio of nociceptive neurons and the burst firing property of reticular thalamic (RT) and ventroposterior (VP) neurons in Cav3.2 knockout (KO) mice were studied to test the involvement of thalamic T-channel and(More)
The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is critically important in the generation of sympathetic activity. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether discharges of RVLM neurons contribute to low-frequency (LF) sympathetic rhythms. Blood pressure (BP), renal sympathetic nerve activity (SNA), and neuronal activity in the RVLM were simultaneously(More)