Meng-Jung Chiang

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Death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) is a calmodulin-regulated serine/threonine kinase and elicits tumor suppression function through inhibiting cell adhesion/migration and promoting apoptosis. Despite these biological functions, the signaling mechanisms through which DAPK is regulated remain largely elusive. Here, we show that the leukocyte common(More)
The poor performance of 2014-15 Northern Hemisphere (NH) influenza vaccines was attributed to mismatched H3N2 component with circulating epidemic strains. Using human serum samples collected from 2009-10, 2010-11 and 2014-15 NH influenza vaccine trials, we assessed their cross-reactive hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) antibody responses against recent H3(More)
BACKGROUND Canine distemper (CD) is one of the most contagious and lethal viral diseases in dogs. Despite the widespread use of vaccines, the prevalence of the CD virus (CDV) has increased at an alarming rate in recent years. In this phylodynamic study, we investigated the spatiotemporal modes of dispersal, viral demographic trends, and effectiveness of(More)
Subtype H6 influenza A viruses (IAVs) are commonly detected in wild birds and domestic poultry and can infect humans. In 2010, a H6N6 virus emerged in southern China, and since then, it has caused sporadic infections among swine. We show that this virus binds to α2,6-linked and α2,3-linked sialic acids. Mutations at residues 222 (alanine to valine) and 228(More)
Cells adopt distinct signaling pathways to optimize cell locomotion in different physical microenvironments. However, the underlying mechanism that enables cells to sense and respond to physical confinement is unknown. Using microfabricated devices and substrate-printing methods along with FRET-based biosensors, we report that, as cells transition from(More)
Proteins as well as small molecules have demonstrated success as therapeutic agents, but their pharmacologic properties sometimes fall short against particular drug targets. Although the adenosine 2a receptor (A(2A)R) has been identified as a promising target for immunotherapy, small molecule A(2A)R agonists have suffered from short pharmacokinetic(More)
The adenosine A2A receptor (A2A R) is expressed in immune cells, as well as brain and heart tissue, and has been intensively studied as a therapeutic target for multiple disease indications. Inhibitors of the A2A R have the potential for stimulating immune response, which could be valuable for cancer immune surveillance and mounting a response against(More)
Background Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccines mainly depends upon how well vaccine strains represent circulating viruses; mismatched strains can lead to reduced protection. Humans have complex influenza exposure histories that increase with age, which may lead to different postvaccination responses to emerging influenza variants. Recent(More)
Seasonal influenza vaccine formulas change almost every year yet information about how this affects the antibody repertoire of vaccine recipients is inadequate. New vaccine virus strains are selected, replacing older strains to better match the currently circulating strains. But even while the vaccine is being manufactured the circulating strains can(More)
The matrix protein 1 (M1) of influenza A virus (IAV) exists as a three-dimensional oligomeric structure in mature virions with high sequence conservation across different IAV subtypes, which makes it a potential broad spectrum antiviral target. We hypothesized that impairing self-association of M1 through a small molecule 'wedge', which avidly binds to an(More)
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