Learn More
PURPOSE To record the distribution and spectrum of human retinal pigment epithelial cell lipofuscin (LF) by two-photon-excited fluorescence (TPEF) and confocal laser scanning microscopy. METHODS Ex vivo TPEF imaging of the human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) of human donor eyes was conducted with a multiphoton laser scanning microscope that employs a(More)
Survival signals such as insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) or membrane depolarization convey their neuronal protective effects through the activation of signaling networks and nuclear factors. In cerebellar granule neurons, IGF-1 mediates survival primarily through the PI3K/Akt pathway. The function of the transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor-2(More)
With the emergence of new technologies, mobile devices are capable of undertaking computational and sensing tasks. A large number of users with these mobile devices promote the formation of the Mobile Crowdsourcing Systems (MCSs). Within a MCS, each mobile device can contribute to the crowdsourcing platform and get rewards from it. In order to achieve(More)
Lipocalin-2 (Lcn2; also known as neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin, NGAL) levels are increased in obesity and diabetes and associate with insulin resistance. Correlations exist between Lcn2 levels and various forms or stages of heart failure. Insulin resistance and autophagy both play well-established roles in cardiomyopathy. However, little is(More)