Meng-Chi Yen

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PURPOSE Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), an enzyme that degrades tryptophan, is a negative immune regulatory molecule of dendritic cells. IDO-expressing dendritic cells suppress T cell responses and may be immunosuppressive in vivo. We hypothesized that silencing the IDO expression in skin dendritic cells in vivo could elicit antitumor activity in(More)
BACKGROUND Tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib is effective against lung cancer cells carrying mutant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR); however, it is not effective against lung cancer carrying normal EGFR. The breaking of immune tolerance against self epidermal growth factor receptor with active immunization may be a useful approach for the(More)
CD90 is used as a marker for cancer stem cell in liver cancer. We aimed to study the mechanism by which CD90 promoted liver cancer progression and identify the new therapeutic targets on CD90 signal pathway. Ectopic expression of CD90 in liver cancer cell lines enhanced anchorage-independent growth and tumor progression. Furthermore, CD90 promoted sphere(More)
Recent studies indicate that a high level of nesfatin-1/Nucleobindin-2 (NUCB-2) is associated with poor outcome and promotes cell migration in breast cancer and prostate cancer. However, the role of NUCB2 is not well known in colon cancer. In this study, NUCB-2 level in colon cancer tissue was higher than that in non-tumor tissue. Suppression of NUCB-2 in a(More)
Dengue fever is a serious threat for public health and induces various inflammatory cytokines and mediators, including galectins and glycoproteins. Diverse immune responses and immunological pathways are induced in different phases of dengue fever progression. However, the status of serum galectins and glycoproteins is not fully determined. The aim of this(More)
Liver cancer is one of the most malignant cancers in the world and has a high rate of metastasis. Therefore, development of a novel therapy for liver cancer is a critical issue. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is known as a negative immune regulator in dendritic cells. Our previous study demonstrated that skin delivery of IDO short hairpin RNA (shRNA)(More)
Induction of thrombospondin 1 (TSP-1) is generally assumed to suppress tumor growth through inhibiting angiogenesis; however, it is less clear how TSP-1 in dendritic cells (DCs) influences tumor progression. We investigated tumor growth and immune mechanism by downregulation of TSP-1 in dendritic cells. Administration of TSP-1 small hairpin RNA (shRNA)(More)
BACKGROUND DNA vaccine is a new and powerful approach to generate immunological responses against infectious disease and cancer. The T helper type (Th)1 immune response is usually required for generating effective anti-tumor responses. A microparticulate bombardment system can induce an immune response using very low amounts of DNA. Using nozzle(More)
Dysregulated lipid metabolism contributes to cancer progression. Our previous study indicates that long-chain fatty acyl-Co A synthetase (ACSL) 3 is essential for lipid upregulation induced by endoplasmic reticulum stress. In this report, we aimed to identify the role of ACSL family in cancer with systematic analysis and in vitro experiment. We explored the(More)
Geldanamycin (GA), a heat-shock protein (HSP) 90 inhibitor, induces degradation of HSP90 client proteins, which may promote the presentation of degradation peptides with major histocompatibility complex class I on cancer cells. We hypothesized that GA may enhance the efficacy of DNA vaccination, and investigated the therapeutic effect of the combination of(More)