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OBJECTIVE Because they found in an earlier study that inositol, an important intracellular second-messenger precursor, was effective against depression in open and double-blind trials, the authors studied its effectiveness against panic disorder. METHOD Twenty-one patients with panic disorder with or without agoraphobia completed a double-blind,(More)
Latent inhibition (LI) is a phenomenon that reflects the ability to ignore irrelevant stimuli. LI is attenuated in some schizophrenic patient groups and in high schizotypal normal participants. One study has found enhanced LI in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD [Swerdlow, N. R., Hartston, H. J., & Hartman, P. L., 1999. Enhanced visual latent(More)
The study examined whether obsessive-compulsive (OC) checkers have reduced confidence in their knowledge. OC checkers were compared with panic disorder (PD) patients and nonpatient controls using a calibration-of-knowledge procedure. Participants completed a general knowledge questionnaire, rated their confidence in each answer, and estimated the total(More)
OBJECTIVE Earlier studies reported that inositol, a simple polyol second messenger precursor, was effective in controlled trials for patients with depression and panic. In this study its effectiveness in obsessive-compulsive disorder was investigated. METHOD Thirteen patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder completed a double-blind, controlled(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of clomipramine hydrochloride (CMI), a serotonin reuptake inhibitor with the noradrenergic tricyclic antidepressant agent, and desipramine hydrochloride (DMI) for patients with panic disorder (PD). METHOD Following a 2-week, single-blind placebo washout phase, 17 PD outpatients completed a 16-week, double-blind, crossover(More)
Many anti-panic drugs, administered chronically, can block pharmacologically-induced "panic attacks"; acutely they often exacerbate panic disorder. Theories of action need to account for this biphasic effect. Chronic inositol had previously shown efficacy against panic disorder. The authors investigated the effect of a single dose of 20 g inositol on an(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) have been established as effective drugs in the treatment of depressive and anxiety disorders. However, there are also reports that they can induce depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts in patients. Eighty of 230 patients who met the DSM-III-R criteria for panic disorder received, during the course of(More)
Only 70% of patients respond to current treatments for panic disorder, and many discontinue drugs because of side effects. myo-Inositol, a natural isomer of glucose and a precursor for the second-messenger phosphatidyl-inositol system, has previously been found superior to placebo in the treatment of depression, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive(More)
One hundred and thirty eight subjects were examined for presence of antibodies by immunoperidose assay (IPA). The frequency of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) antibody of 48 schizophrenic inpatients was compared to 48 inpatients with other psychosis and to 48 staff controls. No differences were found between schizophrenic and control(More)
Several clinical studies showed beneficial effects of omega-3 fatty acids in major affective disorders, including resistant depression. Some antidepressants are also effective, albeit less so, in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We therefore undertook a preliminary placebo-controlled cross-over trial of adjunctive eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in OCD.(More)