Learn More
PURPOSE The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cell development-regulated process in which noncoding RNAs act as crucial modulators. Recent studies have implied that EMT may contribute to resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-directed therapy. The aims of this study were to determine the potential role of microRNAs (miRNA) in(More)
MCAM/MUC18 expression correlates with tumor thickness and metastatic potential of human melanoma cells in nude mice. Moreover, ectopic expression of MUC18 in primary cutaneous melanoma cells leads to increased tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Here we tested the effect of a fully human anti-MUC18 antibody, ABX-MA1, on angiogenesis, tumor growth, and(More)
Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is mitogenic and chemotactic for endothelial cells. Within a neoplasm, IL-8 is secreted by inflammatory and neoplastic cells. The highly metastatic PC-3M-LN4 cell line overexpresses IL-8 relative to the poorly metastatic PC-3P cell line. We evaluated whether IL-8 expression by human prostate cancer growing within the prostate of athymic(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a proangiogenic cytokine that is overexpressed in many human cancers. We investigated the clinical and biologic significance of IL-8 in ovarian carcinoma using human samples and orthotopic mouse models. METHODS Tumor expression of IL-8 was assessed by immunohistochemistry among ovarian cancer patients (n = 102) with(More)
The majority of human melanomas harbor activating mutations of either N-RAS or its downstream effector B-RAF, which cause activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase and the ERK MAPK cascade. The melanoma-relevant effectors of ERK activation, however, are largely unknown. In this work, we show(More)
Flotillin 2 (flot-2) is a highly conserved protein isolated from caveolae/lipid raft domains that tether growth factor receptors linked to signal transduction pathways. Flot-2 protein and mRNA were increased in tumorigenic and metastatic melanoma cell lines in vitro, and the immunostaining intensity increased substantially across a tissue array of(More)
Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is mitogenic and chemotactic for endothelial cells. Within a neoplasm, IL-8 is secreted by inflammatory and neoplastic cells. The highly tumorigenic and highly metastatic human transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) cell line 253J B-V overexpresses IL-8 relative to the nontumorigenic and nometastatic 253J-P cell line. To determine whether(More)
Overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been observed in human colorectal cancer. COX-2 expression in human tumors can be induced by growth factors, cytokines, oncogenes, and other factors. The mechanisms regulating COX-2 expression in human colon cancer have not been completely elucidated. We hypothesized that the proinflammatory cytokine(More)
Melanoma is a very aggressive and highly angiogenic tumor in which standard treatments have had only limited success. Patients with advanced disease have a 5-year survival rate of 5%. In search for alternatives, we identified a natural product extracted from the fungus Aspergillus niger, termed ACTIBIND, that inhibits tumor growth and metastasis of melanoma(More)
UV radiation has been shown to play a role in the initiation of human cutaneous melanoma, but its role in the development of malignant melanoma to the metastatic state is not very well defined. Although previous studies have concentrated on the effect of I V-Ii on the host immune response, the effect of UV-B on the tumor cells was not elucidated. Here we(More)