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PURPOSE The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cell development-regulated process in which noncoding RNAs act as crucial modulators. Recent studies have implied that EMT may contribute to resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-directed therapy. The aims of this study were to determine the potential role of microRNAs (miRNA) in(More)
Expression of the tyrosine kinase receptor, c-KIT, progressively decreases during local tumor growth and invasion of human melanomas. We have previously shown that enforced c-KIT expression in highly metastatic cells inhibited tumor growth and metastasis in nude mice. Furthermore, the ligand for c-KIT, SCF, induces apoptosis in human melanoma cells(More)
BACKGROUND We studied Dicer and Drosha, components of the RNA-interference machinery, in ovarian cancer. METHODS We measured messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of Dicer and Drosha in specimens of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer from 111 patients, using a quantitative reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction assay, and compared the results with clinical(More)
The cell surface adhesion molecule MCAM (MUC18) is strongly expressed by advanced primary and metastatic melanomas but is weaker and less frequent in nevus cells. Previous studies have shown that MCAM expression correlates with tumor thickness and metastatic potential of human melanoma cells in nude mice. To provide direct evidence that MCAM plays a role in(More)
MCAM/MUC18 expression correlates with tumor thickness and metastatic potential of human melanoma cells in nude mice. Moreover, ectopic expression of MUC18 in primary cutaneous melanoma cells leads to increased tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Here we tested the effect of a fully human anti-MUC18 antibody, ABX-MA1, on angiogenesis, tumor growth, and(More)
The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 has been recognized as a major mediator of basement membrane degradation, angiogenesis, tumor invasion, and metastasis. The factors that regulate its expression have not, however, been fully elucidated. We previously identified the type I insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) receptor as a regulator of MMP-2 synthesis. The(More)
Constitutive activation of MEK-ERK signaling is often found in melanomas. Here, we identify a mechanism that links ERK with JNK signaling in human melanoma. Constitutively active ERK increases c-Jun transcription and stability, which are mediated by CREB and GSK3, respectively. Subsequently, c-Jun increases transcription of target genes, including RACK1, an(More)
PURPOSE Interleukin (IL)-8 is an important mediator of angiogenesis, tumorigenicity, and metastasis in transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder. Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB)/relA regulates IL-8 expression in several neoplasms. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the organ microenvironment (hypoxia, acidosis) regulates the(More)
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a beta-galactoside-binding protein that is involved in cancer progression and metastasis. Using a progressive human melanoma tissue microarray, we previously demonstrated that melanocytes accumulate Gal-3 during the progression from benign to dysplastic nevi to melanoma and further to metastatic melanoma. Herein, we show that silencing(More)
Host immunity affects tumor metastasis but the corresponding cellular and molecular mechanisms are not entirely clear. Here, we show that a subset of B lymphocytes (termed B-1 population), but not other lymphocytes, has prometastatic effects on melanoma cells in vivo through a direct heterotypic cell-cell interaction. In the classic B16 mouse melanoma(More)