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The cell surface adhesion molecule MCAM (MUC18) is strongly expressed by advanced primary and metastatic melanomas but is weaker and less frequent in nevus cells. Previous studies have shown that MCAM expression correlates with tumor thickness and metastatic potential of human melanoma cells in nude mice. To provide direct evidence that MCAM plays a role in(More)
Expression of the tyrosine kinase receptor, c-KIT, progressively decreases during local tumor growth and invasion of human melanomas. We have previously shown that enforced c-KIT expression in highly metastatic cells inhibited tumor growth and metastasis in nude mice. Furthermore, the ligand for c-KIT, SCF, induces apoptosis in human melanoma cells(More)
PURPOSE The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cell development-regulated process in which noncoding RNAs act as crucial modulators. Recent studies have implied that EMT may contribute to resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-directed therapy. The aims of this study were to determine the potential role of microRNAs (miRNA) in(More)
BACKGROUND We studied Dicer and Drosha, components of the RNA-interference machinery, in ovarian cancer. METHODS We measured messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of Dicer and Drosha in specimens of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer from 111 patients, using a quantitative reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction assay, and compared the results with clinical(More)
Expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) by human melanoma cells correlates with their metastatic potential. Moreover, UV-B irradiation of primary cutaneous melanoma cells induces IL-8 mRNA and protein production and increases both tumor growth and metastasis in nude mice. Although IL-8 has been shown to be an angiogenic factor, the biological consequences of(More)
Human SAOS-2 osteogenic sarcoma cells are not metastatic in nude mice and do not express p53. We have selected a variant line (SAOS-LM2) that is tumorigenic and metastatic in nude mice. These cells were transfected with the p53 wild-type (p53wt) or mutated (p53mut 143A) gene, whose expression was verified by reverse transcriptase PCR, cDNA sequencing, and(More)
PURPOSE Osteosarcoma is an aggressive primary bone cancer characterized by expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and its cognate receptor. Coexpression of the growth factor and receptor suggests their role in autocrine or paracrine growth mechanisms. It has been reported previously that STI571 has specific activity in inhibiting select(More)
Expression of the tyrosine-kinase receptor encoded by the c-KIT proto-oncogene progressively decreases during local tumor growth and invasion of human melanomas. To provide direct evidence that c-KIT plays a role in metastasis of human melanoma, we transfected the c-KIT gene into the c-KIT negative highly metastatic human melanoma cell line A375SM and(More)
The expression of the glycoprotein MUC18 in melanoma biopsies has previously been shown to increase with increasing tumour thickness, and thus to correlate with the probability of metastasis development. We have examined the expression of this molecule by nine human melanoma cell lines with known metastatic ability (both spontaneous and experimental) in(More)
MCAM/MUC18 is a cell-surface glycoprotein of 113 kDa, originally identified as a melanoma antigen, whose expression is associated with tumor progression and the development of metastatic potential. We have previously shown that enforced expression of MCAM/MUC18 in primary cutaneous melanoma led to increased tumor growth and metastatic potential in nude(More)