Menachem Shefi

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Hypertension and glucose intolerance, determined in a random population sample (n = 2,475), showed a highly significant (P less than 0.001) association from the mildest levels of both conditions, independent of the confounding effects of age, sex, obesity, and antihypertensive medications. Summary rate ratios for hypertension were 1.48 (1.18-1.87) in(More)
PURPOSE We have previously found thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) who had received long-term furosemide therapy. In the present study, we assessed the effect of thiamine repletion on thiamine status, functional capacity, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with moderate to severe CHF who(More)
The following study was conducted to assess the biochemical and nutritional status of new military recruits during 12 weeks of strenuous physical activity. Calorie and magnesium (Mg) intake, energy expenditure, and serum, red blood cell (RBC) and mononuclear cell (MNC) Mg were assessed at the start, after 6 weeks and after 12 weeks of training. The results(More)
Red blood cell sodium and potassium, plasma potassium, glucose and insulin responses to oral glucose load, serum urate, and plasma triglycerides were determined in a stratified subsample (n = 89) of a representative population sample (n = 1211), comprising 30 nonobese normotensive subjects with normal glucose tolerance (reference group) and 59 subjects(More)
Doxycycline (D) is often administered during respiratory infections to asthmatic patients, many of them treated by theophylline (T) as well. We therefore investigated a possible interaction between D and T. Steady-state basal T levels were measured on two successive days before and after three and four days of D administration in ten stable asthmatic(More)
Serum magnesium levels, as well as magnesium content of red blood cells and peripheral mononuclear cells, were examined in 31 pregnant women in their third trimester. Ten were preeclamptic; chronic hypertension was found in 10, and 11 were normotensive. Magnesium serum levels were 1.2 +/- 0.1, 1.2 +/- 0.1 and 1.3 +/- 0.1 mEq/l in the normotensives, chronic(More)
The contribution of gluconeogenesis to hyperglycemia in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice has been investigated using oral vanadate administration. Vanadate compounds have been shown to mimic many actions of insulin; however, the exact mechanism is poorly understood. The aims of the present study were (1) to elucidate vanadate's action in vivo, and to assess(More)
Pyridostigmine is known as a pre-treatment drug against intoxication with organophosphorus nerve agents. During the Persian Gulf war, we encountered a cluster of nine cases of pyridostigmine self-poisoning, of which three presented with mixed drug poisoning. The clinical and laboratory features of pyridostigmine toxicity are presented. Doses ranged between(More)