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The use of iodinated and gadolinium contrast media during pregnancy and lactation
TLDR
The very small potential risk associated with absorption of contrast medium may be considered insufficient to warrant stopping breast-feeding for 24 h following either iodinated or gadolinium contrast agents.
Gadolinium-containing contrast media for radiographic examinations: a position paper
TLDR
Review of the literature indicates that according to experimental data on animals gadolinium-based contrast media have more nephrotoxic potential than iodinated contrast media in equivalent X-ray attenuating doses; therefore, gadolinia-based Contrast media should not replace iodinated Contrast media in patients with renal insufficiency for radiographic examinations.
Effect of iodinated contrast media on thyroid function in adults
TLDR
Patients at high- risk of developing thyrotoxicosis after contrast medium injection are patients with Graves’ disease and patients with multinodular goiter with thyroid autonomy, especially elderly patients and patients living in areas of iodine deficiency, although it may offer some protection in selected high-risk individuals.
In which patients should serum creatinine be measured before iodinated contrast medium administration?
TLDR
The Contrast Media Safety Committee of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology decided to review the literature and draw up guidelines on this important practical issue, and a simple guideline has been produced.
Safety of ultrasound contrast agents
TLDR
The Contrast Media Safety Committee of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology decided to review the safety of ultrasound contrast agents in humans and to draw up guidelines, and Ultrasound contrast agents approved for clinical use are well tolerated and serious adverse reactions are rarely observed.
Effects of iodinated contrast media on blood and endothelium
TLDR
Experimental data indicate that all iodinated contrast media produce an anticoagulant effect and that this effect is greater with ionic contrast media, which is the most important factor for reducing the thrombotic complications associated with angiographic procedures.
Management of acute adverse reactions to contrast media
TLDR
The Contrast Media Safety Committee has produced guidelines for treatment of acute adverse reactions to contrast media and a list of first-line drugs and equipment that should be available in the room where contrast medium is given are provided.
Contrast media: interactions with other drugs and clinical tests
TLDR
The Contrast Media Safety Committee of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology decided to review the literature and drew up simple guidelines on interactions between contrast media and other drugs.
Safety of MR liver specific contrast media
TLDR
Liver specific contrast agents appear in general to be safe and well tolerated, however, the incidence of adverse reactions with iron oxides and the intravenous manganese based agent seems to be slightly higher than with gadolinium based agents.