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Pulmonary arterial hypertension is most often diagnosed in its advanced stages because of the nonspecific nature of early symptoms and signs. Although clinical assessment is essential when evaluating patients with suspected pulmonary arterial hypertension, echocardiography is a key screening tool in the diagnostic algorithm. It provides an estimate of(More)
Many antihypertensive medications and lifestyle changes are proven to reduce blood pressure. Over the past few decades, numerous additional modalities have been evaluated in regard to their potential blood pressure-lowering abilities. However, these nondietary, nondrug treatments, collectively called alternative approaches, have generally undergone fewer(More)
There are no reliable predictors of mortality in primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH). This study assessed whether exercise oxygen desaturation and distance achieved during a six-minute walk are associated with mortality in moderately symptomatic patients with PPH. Thirty-four patients with PPH underwent a pretreatment six-minute walk test, and an invasive(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to compare coronary flow reserve (CFR) as a measure of vascular integrity in asymptomatic middle-aged men with family history of coronary artery disease (CAD) and a high-risk lipid profile with men without risk factors for CAD using positron emission tomography (PET). Previous studies suggested that the assessment(More)
The indication for prophylactic temporary and permanent pacing during acute myocardial infarction (MI) complicated by bundle branch block is high risk of progression via a Type II pattern to second or third degree (high degree) AV block during hospitalization or follow-up. In this study, determinants of high degree AV block during hospitalization and sudden(More)
To provide an understanding of the clinical characteristics of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and bundle branch block, experience from five centers was accumulated. Patients in whom bundle branch block first appeared after the onset of cardiogenic shock were excluded. In 432 patients, the most common types of block were left (38%) and right(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by progressive and sustained elevation of pulmonary-artery pressure, which ultimately leads to right-ventricular failure and death. The diagnosis carries with it an uncertain and historically very bleak prognosis. Although new oral and chronic parenteral (intravenous and subcutaneous) treatments have(More)
T he cost of lost human value and dollars spent ($90 billion annually) due to coronary disease in our society is of great concern and is reason for increased efforts to prevent coronary artery disease and its consequences. 1 The reduction in mortality, acute coronary event rate, and need for coronary revascularization attributable to lipid lowering with(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical course in primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is improved by calcium channel blocker therapy in those with a favorable hemodynamic response during a trial of high-dose oral nifedipine. Although trials of nifedipine are performed only in patients who demonstrate pulmonary vasodilator reserve to short-acting agents, this response does(More)