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Voltage-dependent Na+ channels are thought to sense membrane potential with fixed charges located within the membrane's electrical field. Measurement of open probability (Po) as a function of membrane potential gives a quantitative indication of the number of such charges that move through the field in opening the channel. We have used single-channel(More)
Mechanisms of volume regulation in hyposomotically treated cultured chick heart cell preparations were studied using optical, biochemical, and nuclear magnetic resonance methods. This approach afforded the resolution of time-dependent responses that might ordinarily be obscured by the complex morphology of intact cardiac muscle preparations. In hyposmotic(More)
A new method is described for orienting the growth of embryonic chick heart cells as thin annuli about nylon monofilament. Analytical measurements of cell water, intracellular potassium, cell volume, and cell surface area incorporate several new techniques and provide the quantitative basis for characterizing the respective cell types in the preparation.(More)
Cytosolic free magnesium concentration [Mg2+]i and its regulation were studied in cultured embryonic chicken heart cells by use of the fluorescent indicator 2-[2-(5-carboxy)oxazole]-5-hydroxy-6-aminobenzofuran-N,N,O-triacet ic acid (Furaptra). The intracellular location of Furaptra was confirmed by its complete release from cells upon addition of saponin.(More)
The contribution of Cl-/HCO3- exchange to intracellular pH (pHi) regulation in cultured chick heart cells was evaluated using ion-selective microelectrodes to monitor pHi, Na+ (aiNa), and Cl- (aiCl) activity. In (HCO3- + CO2)-buffered solution steady-state pHi was 7.12. Removing (HCO3- + CO2) buffer caused a SITS (0.1 mM)-sensitive alkalinization and(More)
1. The rate coefficient of 42K efflux, the transmembrane potential, the intracellular concentrations of Na and K and the volume/surface area have been measured in embryonic chick hearts of different ages. 2. With respect to age, the rate coefficient for 42K efflux was minimal for preparations from 6-8 day old embryos, and distinctly higher values were(More)
The integrity of F-actin and its association with the activation of a Cl- current (I(Cl)) in cultured chick cardiac myocytes subjected to hyposmotic challenge were monitored by whole cell patch clamp and fluorescence confocal microscopy. Disruption of F-actin by 25 microM cytochalasin B augmented hyposmotic cell swelling by 51% (from a relative volume of(More)
Cytosolic free magnesium (Mgi) was measured in embryonic chick heart cells loaded with one of two newly developed 19F nuclear magnetic reasonance (NMR)-sensitive magnesium chelators, 4-methyl,5-fluoro-2-aminophenol-N,N,O-triacetate (MF-APTRA) and 5-fluoro-2-aminophenol-N,N,O-triacetate (5F-APTRA). The cells, embedded in strands of collagen, were superfused(More)
1. Changes in myocardial cell volume and whole-cell currents were measured simultaneously during hyposmotically induced cell swelling. In the conventional patch clamp configuration, hyposmotic challenge caused myocytes to swell continuously and was associated with the development of a sustained, swelling-induced chloride conductance (ICl). In contrast,(More)