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Zinc is an essential trace element, and constituent of many metallo-enzymes required for normal metabolism. Age may be associated with altered metallothionein metabolism related to changes in zinc metabolism. The objectives of this study were: (i) to assess the prevalence of zinc deficiency among hospitalised elderly patients; (ii) to define the social,(More)
The bone mineral content of the radius was measured in 32 male renal stone formers, 18 of them presenting with idiopathic urolithiasis and 14 with primary hyperparathyroidism, a disease known to disturb bone metabolism. The idiopathic stone formers had been on regular treatment with a low calcium diet. The bone mineral content of the radius was reduced to a(More)
Foreword I hope you enjoy our second Vodafone Policy Paper. Our aim in these papers is to provide a platform for leading experts to write on issues in public policy that are important to us at Vodafone. These are the people that we listen to, even if we do not always agree with them. These are their views, not ours. We think that they have important things(More)
Immunoreactive PTH was measured by amino terminal and carboxyl terminal specific assays in the femoral artery, the right renal vein and the suprahepatic vein of ten hyperparathyroid patients. A marked arterio venous difference for amino terminal immunoreactivity was observed in the kidney and the liver. In contrast, the arterio venous difference for(More)
Signal transduction by A1 adenosine receptors was investigated by measuring the modulation by adenosine agonists of guanosine-5'-O-(3-[35S]thio)triphosphate ([35S]GTP[S]) binding to guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins). The extent of stimulation of [35S]GTP[S] binding was dependent on the presence of high concentrations of Mg2+ (1-10 mM), GDP(More)
Bone mineral content (BMC) was measured with the Norland Cameron apparatus in 120 renal stone formers (RSF) with idiopathic stone disease and in 41 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. RSF were classified, according to an oral calcium load test, into three groups: no hypercalciuria (HC; 41 cases); absorptive HC (53 cases), and resorptive or renal HC(More)
28 renal stone formers (18 men and 10 women) with idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH) and 27 controls have been subjected to a test proposed for the diagnosis of absorptive, resorptive and renal hypercalciurias. Fasting serum calcium concentration, urinary calcium and cyclic AMP excretion were measured after overnight fasting and an oral load of calcium.(More)
The effect of parenteral administration of magnesium was studied in five patients with hypomagnesaemic hypocalcaemia. The initial metabolic state was characterized by a normal level of serum immunoreactive parathyroid hormone (iPTH), and by low or undetectable serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25 (OH)2D). A parathyroid(More)
Overt hypothyroidism is known to be associated with increased serum creatine kinase (CK) levels. However, there is little information on CK levels in subclinical hypothyroidism. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between CK levels and thyroid function in overt and subclinical hypothyroidism. Thyroid function tests (thyrotropin [TSH], free(More)