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Accumulation of amyloid fibrils in the viscera and connective tissues causes systemic amyloidosis, which is responsible for about one in a thousand deaths in developed countries. Localized amyloid can also have serious consequences; for example, cerebral amyloid angiopathy is an important cause of haemorrhagic stroke. The clinical presentations of(More)
The pathogenic significance, if any, of the epidemiological association between baseline C-reactive protein (CRP) values and future atherothrombotic events is not known. We therefore investigated spontaneous atherosclerosis and atherothrombosis, and systemic markers of inflammation (acute phase proteins), in aged, normal diet-fed, male apolipoprotein E(More)
Complement-mediated inflammation exacerbates the tissue injury of ischaemic necrosis in heart attacks and strokes, the most common causes of death in developed countries. Large infarct size increases immediate morbidity and mortality and, in survivors of the acute event, larger non-functional scars adversely affect long-term prognosis. There is thus an(More)
The association between circulating concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) and future atherothrombotic events has provoked speculation about a possible pathogenetic role of CRP. However, we show here that transgenic expression of human CRP had no effect on development, progression, or severity of spontaneous atherosclerosis, or on morbidity or(More)
Intravenous administration to human volunteers of a commercial preparation of recombinant human C-reactive protein (CRP) produced in Escherichia coli was recently reported in this journal to induce an acute phase response of serum amyloid A protein (SAA) and of CRP itself, and to activate the coagulation system. The authors concluded that CRP is probably a(More)
We demonstrate that interleukin-10 (IL-10) can inhibit T-cell apoptosis. T cells, within a PBMC (peripheral blood mononuclear cell) population, were stimulated via the T-cell receptor and grown in the presence of IL-2. These cells had less apoptosis when in the continuous presence of IL-10, compared with cells grown in the absence of IL-10. Conversely, when(More)
The physiological and pathophysiological functions of C-reactive protein (CRP), the classical acute-phase protein, are not well established, despite many reports of biological effects of CRP in vitro and in model systems in vivo. Limited, small scale experiments have suggested that rabbit and human CRP may both protect mice against lethal toxicity of(More)
Shiga toxin (Stx) 2 causes hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS), an intractable and often fatal complication of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection. Here, we show that serum amyloid P component (SAP), a normal human plasma protein, specifically protects mice against the lethal toxicity of Stx2, both when injected into wild-type mice and when(More)
Interleukin (IL)-10 down-regulates HLA class II molecules, whether constitutively expressed or up-regulated by interferon-gamma or IL-4 on monocytes but not on B lymphocytes. In this study we show that IL-10 does not inhibit HLA class II expression induced by the combination granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-4 on monocytes, although it(More)
CD1 molecules have recently been shown to present bacterial antigens to CD4-CD8-TCR alpha beta + T lymphocytes. The expression of CD1 on monocytes can be induced by GM-CSF and is further enhanced by IL-4. GM-CSF and IL-3 receptors share a common chain and often have similar activities; however, only IL-3, but not GM-CSF, can stimulate CD4-CD8-TCR alpha beta(More)