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Axitinib, a potent and selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1, 2, 3, is metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4 and glucuronidation. This study evaluated the effect of rifampin, a potent inducer of drug-metabolizing enzymes, on axitinib plasma pharmacokinetics. Equal numbers of Japanese and Caucasian subjects were enrolled to(More)
CONTEXT 11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11betaHSD1) is a promising target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. 11betaHSD1 catalyzes the intracrine conversion of inactive cortisone to the active glucocorticoid cortisol. OBJECTIVE Demonstrating inhibition of 11betaHSD1 is challenging because there is no accessible way to directly(More)
Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive malignancy that is generally refractory to chemotherapy, thus posing experimental and clinical challenges. In this study, the antiproliferative effect of the triterpenoid compound cucurbitacin B was tested in vitro and in vivo against human pancreatic cancer cells. Dose-response studies showed that the drug inhibited 50%(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pancreatic cancer is a highly aggressive malignancy, and improvement in systemic therapy is necessary to treat this frequently encountered metastatic disease. The current targeted agents used in combination with gemcitabine improved objective response rates, but with little or no improvements in survival and also increased toxicities(More)
Cucurbitacin B is a natural anti-cancer compound found in Cucurbitaceae. Although the anti-cancer activity of cucurbitacin B in human leukemia cells has been reported, the underlining mechanism is still unclear. To clarify its anti-cancer activity and the mechanism of action, five different leukemia cell lines (CCRF-CEM, K562, MOLT-4, RPMI-8226 and SR) of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of sunitinib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, on the QT interval in patients with cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients received sunitinib loading doses (150-200 mg) on days 3 and 9 and maintenance doses (50 mg/d) on days 4 to 8. Moxifloxacin (day 1), placebo (day 2), and granisetron [with placebo (day 2) or(More)
This phase I, open-label, single-dose study evaluates the effects of severe renal impairment and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring hemodialysis on the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of sunitinib and its primary active metabolite, SU12662. Subjects with normal renal function (creatinine clearance > 80 mL/min), severe renal impairment(More)
This study evaluated the effect of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of sunitinib and its active metabolite, SU12662. This open-label study enrolled subjects with normal hepatic function (n = 8), mild (Child–Pugh [CP]-A; n = 8), or moderate (CP-B; n = 8) hepatic impairment. Subjects received sunitinib 50 mg as a single oral dose. Mild or moderate(More)
Cucurbitacin B is an anti-cancer drug candidate and its efficacy has been demonstrated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To explore its mechanism against HCC, BEL-7402 cells were treated with cucurbitacin B in vitro. Treatment with cucurbitacin B induced S phase arrest and apoptosis. The growth inhibition effect was associated with cyclin D1 and cdc-2 down(More)
Axitinib is a potent and selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1–3, approved for second-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Preclinical studies did not indicate potential for axitinib-induced delayed cardiac repolarization. The effect of axitinib on corrected QT (QTc) prolongation was evaluated with one-stage(More)