Melvin Sanicas

Learn More
Influenza viruses cause annual epidemics of respiratory tract disease that affect all age groups. Many developing countries do not have an influenza surveillance system or adequate laboratory capacity for virus detection. The objective of this study was to describe the influenza surveillance systems in the different countries in the tropics and to identify(More)
Vaccines are some of the most effective tools for the prevention of infectious diseases. Adjuvants are included in vaccines for a variety of reasons: to increase the breadth of response, to lower antigen dose, to overcome limited immune response in some populations, or to enable complex combination vaccines. This study aims to review the safety of licensed(More)
Live attenuated and killed whole-cell vaccines (WCVs) offer promising vaccination strategies against tuberculosis. A number of WCV candidates, based on recombinant bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), attenuated Mycobacterium tuberculosis, or related mycobacterial species are in various stages of preclinical or clinical development. In this review, we discuss(More)
Zika is a mosquito-borne viral disease caused by Zika virus (ZIKV), a Flavivirus from the Flaviviridae family, that has the name of a forest near Kampala in Uganda, where it was identified in rhesus monkeys in 1947 [1,2]. It was subsequently isolated in humans several years after in 1952 in Uganda and another country in East Africa Tanzania [1,3]. Genomic(More)
Since the initial reports of a link between Zika and microcephaly, researchers across the world began working toward understanding the virus. In a short amount of time, Zika has become a household name, prompting worldwide concern. The virus is spread rapidly by mosquito bites. We currently do not have a vaccine for Zika. But with the recent findings,(More)
Immunization is undoubtedly one of the most effective and most cost-effective health interventions. Vaccines continue to revolutionize our ability to prevent diseases and improve health. With all the technological advances, we are able to extend the benefits of vaccines to more people and to provide better protection from life-threatening infectious(More)
Résumé La vaccination est incontestablement l'une des interventions de santé publique les plus efficaces et les plus rentables qui soient. Les vaccins continuent de révolutionner notre capacité à prévenir les maladies et à améliorer la santé. Avec toutes les avancées technologiques, nous sommes en mesure d'étendre les avantages des vaccins à plus de gens et(More)
Maternal vaccination is an important area of research and requires appropriate and internationally comparable definitions and safety standards. The GAIA group, part of the Brighton Collaboration was created with the mandate of proposing standardised definitions applicable to maternal vaccine research. This study proposes international definitions for(More)
INTRODUCTION Cervical cancer is the tenth most common cancer and the eighth most frequent cause of death among women in Singapore. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the necessary cause of cervical cancer and therefore the risk of cervical cancer can be substantially reduced through vaccination. This study was conducted to evaluate the(More)
  • 1