Melvin M. Schwartz

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The currently used classification reflects our understanding of the pathogenesis of the various forms of lupus nephritis, but clinicopathologic studies have revealed the need for improved categorization and terminology. Based on the 1982 classification published under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO) and subsequent clinicopathologic data,(More)
The histopathologic diagnosis of primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) has come to include a number of histologic lesions (variants), but the prognostic significance of these discrete lesions is controversial because published information regarding the presentation, course, and response to treatment is limited. A retrospective analysis was(More)
The molecular mechanisms of heparan sulfate proteoglycan downregulation in the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) of the kidneys with diabetic nephropathy remain controversial. In the present study, we showed that the expression of heparanase-1 (HPR1), a heparan sulfate-degrading endoglycosidase, was upregulated in the renal epithelial cells in the kidney(More)
Primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a lesion associated with a poor prognosis and results in end-stage renal disease after 5 to 10 years. Based on past experience, many nephrologists have considered primary FSGS a lesion that is steroid resistant and therefore are reluctant to offer steroids as treatment. Recent data, however, have(More)
Despite clinical and experimental data suggesting a direct relationship between antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) and disease activity in patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), the causal relationship between perinuclear ANCAs specific for myeloperoxidase (MPO-ANCA) and disease manifestations has been controversial. We describe the case(More)
We retrospectively evaluated the prevalence of primary glomerular lesions in adults who had a renal biopsy for nephrotic proteinuria. From July 1975 to May 1994, 340 patients undergoing renal biopsies evaluated at Rush-Presbyterian-St Lukes Medical Center had the primary glomerular lesions of minimal-change disease, focal segmental glomerular sclerosis(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus have a spectrum of glomerular disease, but the different patterns of glomerular injury identified within the general category of "severe" lupus glomerulonephritis are responsible for much of the morbidity and mortality in this disease. The glomerular injury patterns seen with severe lupus(More)
The authors performed a retrospective clinicopathologic study in 81 patients with primary focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (FSGS) to determine whether they could identify clinical or histologic features at presentation that could be predictive of outcome and response to therapy. Males constituted 58% of patients, and 53% were black. At biopsy the(More)
The pathological features of 59 renal biopsy specimens with focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (FSG) were correlated with the patient's clinical and laboratory findings at the time of biopsy. Two morphologic patterns were identified: thirty-nine biopsy specimens had only focal segmental scars which were frequently associated with hyaline deposits. In 20(More)
The cellular lesion (CELL), seen in some patients with primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), comprises proliferation, hypertrophy, and pathologic changes in the cells overlying the glomerular scar. The prognosis of the cellular lesion was retrospectively studied in 100 patients with FSGS (43 had FSGS-CELL and 57 had FSGS without the cellular(More)