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Political scientists have conducted only limited systematic research on the consequences of war for civilian populations. Here we argue that the civilian suffering caused by civil war extends well beyond the period of active warfare. We examine these longer-term effects in a cross-national (1999) analysis of World Health Organization new fine-grained data(More)
OBJECTIVE Anterior thalamus (AN) has been shown to mediate seizures in both focal and generalized models. Specific regional increase in AN serotonergic activity was observed following AN-DBS in our pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) rodent model of acute seizures, and this increase may inhibit seizures and contribute to the mechanism of anticonvulsant DBS. METHODS(More)
EEG and field potential rhythms established in the cortex and thalamus may accommodate the propagation of seizures. This article describes the interaction between thalamus and cortex during pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) seizures in rats with and without prior treatment with ethosuximide (ESM), a well-known antiepileptic drug (AED) that raises the threshold for(More)
All signals that appear to be periodic have some sort of variability from period to period regardless of how stable they appear to be in a data plot. A true sinusoidal time series is a deterministic function of time that never changes and thus has zero bandwidth around the sinusoid's frequency. A zero bandwidth is impossible in nature since all signals have(More)