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The members of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family signal via binding to the glycosyl phosphatidylinositol-anchored membrane proteins, the GDNF family receptors alpha (GFRalpha), and activation of cRET. We performed a detailed analysis of the binding of GDNF and neurturin to their receptors and investigated the influence of cRET on(More)
Uptake of L-glutamate into synaptic vesicles is mediated by vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs). Three transporters (VGLUT1-VGLUT3) are expressed in the mammalian CNS, with partial overlapping expression patterns, and VGLUT2 is the most abundantly expressed paralog in the thalamus, midbrain, and brainstem. Previous studies have shown that VGLUT1 is(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate R1 (NMDAR1) and NMDAR2A subunits were expressed transiently either alone or in combination in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. The biochemical and pharmacological properties of the cloned receptors were compared with those of adult rat brain NMDA receptors using both immunological methods with a newly developed(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate R1 (NMDA R1), NMDA R2A, and NMDA R2C subunits were expressed transiently in double or triple combinations in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. The biochemical and pharmacological properties of the cloned receptors were compared with those of adult mouse forebrain and cerebellum. Under conditions established for maximal(More)
Neurturin and glial-cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) promote the survival and maintenance of different types of neuronal cells and signal through a receptor complex composed of a ligand binding subunit, either GDNF family receptor alpha-1 (GFRalpha-1) or alpha-2 (GFRalpha-2), together with the cRET membrane-bound protein tyrosine kinase. We have(More)
Four members of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family have been identified (GDNF, neurturin, persephin, and enovin/artemin). They bind to a specific membrane-anchored GDNF family receptor as follows: GFRalpha-1 for GDNF, GFRalpha-2 for neurturin, GFRalpha-3 for enovin/artemin, and (chicken) GFRalpha-4 for persephin. Subsequent signaling(More)
Glial cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), neurturin and persephin are neurotrophic factors involved in neuroneal differentiation, development and maintenance. They act on different types of neuroneal cells and signal through a receptor complex composed of a specific ligand-binding subunit of the GDNF family receptor alpha (GFRalpha) family(More)
1. Human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells were transiently transfected with cDNAs encoding the NR1a-NMDA epsilon 1[NR2A] subunit combination of the NMDA receptor. Single channel behaviour was recorded from outside-out membrane patches, with the aim of comparing the results with those, recorded under the same conditions, from Xenopus oocytes injected with(More)
Transient expression of wild-type N-methyl-D-aspartate, NMDAR1-1a/NMDAR2A heteromeric receptors, in mammalian cells yields cell death which was prevented by the inclusion of NMDA receptor antagonists in the cell culture media post-transfection. Transient expression of mutant NMDAR1-1a (N598Q)/NMDAR2A receptors resulted in a significant decrease in the(More)