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Experiments were designed to evaluate changes in the transcriptome (mRNA levels) in the ovulatory, luteinizing follicle of rhesus monkeys, using a controlled ovulation model that permits analysis of the naturally selected, dominant follicle at specific intervals (0, 12, 24 and 36 h) after exposure to an ovulatory (exogenous hCG) stimulus during the(More)
Gonadal development in fowls aged from 1 day to more than 4.5 years was studied in 63 ZZW and 16 ZZZ triploid crossbreds and compared with normal diploid males (ZZ) and females (ZW). In the ZZW fowl, the right gonad developed into a testis (although this occurred earlier in the ZZ genotype), and a structurally-abnormal excurrent duct system containing some(More)
1. Twenty-three lines of chickens, obtained from grandparent stocks of 4 Australian breeding companies, were analysed to determine the incidence of early embryonic mortality attributable to chromosome abnormalities. The lines included 10 layer strains, consisting of 6 White Leghorn, 2 New Hampshire and 2 Australorp lines, and 13 broiler lines. 2. A total of(More)
A failure of autoreactive T cells to undergo apoptosis may contribute to the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The role of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family of anti-apoptotic proteins such as X-linked IAP (XIAP), human inhibitor of apoptosis-1 (HIAP-1), human inhibitor of apoptosis-2 (HIAP-2), neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein (NAIP) and(More)
Sixteen haploid-diploid chickens, four diploid-triploids, and one haploid-diploid-triploid chicken have been found in a layer line of crossbred origin. Live haploid-euploid vertebrates have not been reported previously. Flow cytometric analysis revealed 1-80% haploid red blood cells (RBCs) in the haploid-euploid chickens and 5-30% triploid RBCs in the(More)
Cadherins are a family of cell surface adhesion molecules that play an important role in tissue differentiation. A limited repertoire of cadherins has been identified in osteoblasts, and the role of these molecules in osteoblast function remains to be elucidated. We recently cloned an osteoblast-derived N-cadherin gene from a rat osteoblast complementary(More)
The ultrastructure of cells of the seminiferous epithelium is described in both triploid ZZZ and ZZW fowls, especially cytological aberrations influencing the development of morphologically abnormal spermatids and spermatozoa. Mitotic divisions in triploid fowls are similar to those in diploid fowls, but meiosis in both the ZZZ and ZZW triploid fowl is(More)
Direct evidence of the nature of maternal meiotic errors in a selected line of chickens with a high incidence of triploidy was obtained by using cytologically marked paternal gametes derived from a closely related avian species. Matings were made by artificial insemination of female chickens of the selection line and a control line with semen from(More)
We investigated the pattern of inheritance of maternal meiotic errors responsible for a high frequency of triploid progeny in a selected line of chickens. For the genetic analysis, F1 and backcross populations were produced from crosses between normal diploid individuals of the triploidy line and a control line. Triploid embryos were produced by 35% and 67%(More)