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The results of a chromosome survey of 3993 liveborn infants, the majority of which have been studied using G-banding, are reported. The frequency of all types of chromosome abnormalities detected was similar to that found in previous newborn surveys, which were carried out on different socio-economic structure, but the incidence of aneuploid chromosome(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine common principles underlying the programming of movement initiation from quiet stance. Subjects were asked to initiate gait, step over a ruler, or to step over a 10 cm high obstacle at a self-paced speed and as fast as possible. The independent variables were initiation condition (gait initiation, stepping over a(More)
A 4-week-old boy was extensively investigated for stridor and respiratory distress and was found to have a soft tissue mass superior to the left hilum and emphysema of the entire left lung. An exploratory thoracotomy was undertaken for diagnosis and possibly to improve respiratory distress. Intraoperatively, a firm plaquelike mass was identified encasing(More)
The accuracy of placement of swing limb heel-strike was used to determine strategies of motor control of the stance limb during gait initiation (GI). Subjects initiated gait as fast as possible with the swing limb heel-strike landing on either a small or large target. Stance limb ground reaction forces, electromyogram duration and temporal data for GI were(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE A randomised controlled trial evaluating the role of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in childhood empyema reported a failure rate of 16.6%. Our aim is to determine the outcome of VATS in a large series of children managed by 3 paediatric surgeons experienced in endoscopic surgery. METHOD A retrospective study of all children(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify factors determining the surgical outcome of primary cervical and thoracic neuroblastoma. METHODS Twenty-six children with primary thoracic neuroblastoma presented over the last 14 years were analysed for age, mode of presentation, tumour histopathology, biology and outcome. RESULTS Primary thoracic neuroblastoma was presented in 16(More)