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The effects of cigarette smoking result from the delivery of nicotine, other components of smoke, and sensory stimulation. In the present study, pharmacological effects of new tobacco-derived de-nicotinized cigarettes (controls) were compared with standard cigarettes. The de-nicotinized cigarettes had the appearance, draw and taste of standard cigarettes(More)
Cancer of the cervix is the third most common cancer among women worldwide, with incidence rates ranging from 3.8 per 100,000 women per year in Israel to 48.2 per 100,000 per year in Colombia. Epidemiologic and clinical data suggest that human papillomaviruses, especially HPV-16 and HPV-18, play the major role in the etiology of cervical cancer. However,(More)
Some abused drugs have been reported to alter performance on naturalistic tasks such as driving and also on laboratory tasks. The performance effects of several drug classes were examined using a repeated measures design. Eight volunteers were administered 2 doses of ethanol, marijuana, amphetamine, hydromorphone, pentobarbital, or placebo on separate days.(More)
A semi-quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay was designed to measure gonococcal pilin antigenic variation (SQ-PCR Av assay). This assay employs 17 hybridization probe sets that quantitate subpopulations of pilin transcripts carrying different silent pilin copy sequences and one set that detects total pilE transcript levels. Mixtures of a DNA standard carrying(More)
Following intranasal inoculation, Vibrio cholerae KFV101 (DeltactxAB DeltahapA DeltahlyA DeltartxA) colonizes and stimulates tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta) in mice, similar to what occurs with isogenic strain P4 (DeltactxAB), but is less virulent and stimulates reduced levels of IL-6, demonstrating a role for accessory toxins(More)
It has previously been shown that the frequency of pilin antigenic variation in Neisseria gonorrhoeae (the gonococcus, Gc) is regulated by iron availability. To identify factors involved in pilin variation in an iron-dependent or an iron-independent manner, we conducted a genetic screen of transposon-mutated gonococci using a pilus-dependent colony(More)
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