Melissa R Donaldson

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Human spaceflight is associated with a loss of body protein. Bed rest studies suggest that the reduction in the whole body protein synthesis (PS) rate should be approximately 15%. The objectives of this experiment were to test two hypotheses on astronauts and cosmonauts during long-duration (>3 mo) flights on MIR: that 1) the whole body PS rate will be(More)
Bed rest is associated with a loss of protein from the weight-bearing muscle. The objectives of this study are to determine whether increasing dietary branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) during bed rest improves the anabolic response after bed rest. The study consisted of a 1-day ambulatory period, 14 days of bed rest, and a 4-day recovery period. During bed(More)
Heart failure (HF) is a slow progressive syndrome characterized by low cardiac output and peripheral metabolic, biochemical, and histological alterations. Protein loss and reduced protein turnover occur with aging, but the consequences of congestive HF (CHF) superimposed on the normal aging response are unknown. This study has two objectives: 1) to(More)
Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) is one of the most important antioxidant enzymes in humans. We studied the relationship between erythrocyte GPx activity and fasting serum insulin, plasma glucose, and C-peptide, estimates of insulin resistance from the homeostasis model of assessment as well as dietary fat intake in 408 normotensive nondiabetic pregnant women(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescents with childhood onset growth hormone deficiency (CO-GHD) require re-evaluation of their growth hormone (GH) axis on attainment of final height to determine eligibility for adult GH therapy (rhGH). AIM Retrospective multicentre review of management of young adults with CO-GHD in four paediatric centres in Scotland during transition.(More)
Aims The Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) Methamphetamine Treatment Project (MTP) is the largest randomized clinical trial of treatments for methamphetamine (MA) dependence to date. The objective of the study was to compare the Matrix Model, a manualized treatment method, with treatmentas-usual (TAU) in eight community out-patient settings in the(More)
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