Melissa R. Dent

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An adverse environmental experience of the growing fetus may lead to permanent changes in the structure and function of organs that may predispose the individual to chronic diseases in later life; however, nothing is known about the occurrence and mechanisms of heart failure. We employed a rat model in which pregnant dams were fed diets containing either(More)
It is now well known that congestive heart failure (CHF) is invariably associated with cardiac hypertrophy, and changes in the shape and size of cardiomyocytes (cardiac remodeling) are considered to explain cardiac dysfunction in CHF. However, the mechanisms responsible for the transition of cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure are poorly understood.(More)
In an earlier study, we showed that dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers can exert differential effects on heart function in male and female rats, but the underlying mechanisms for these actions are not known. Cardiomyocyte Ca2+ cycling is a key event in normal cardiac contractile function and defects in Ca2+ cycling are associated with cardiac(More)
This study examined sex differences in the regulation of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins in cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure due to volume overload induced by arteriovenous (AV) shunt in rats. General characteristics and hemodynamic assessment revealed the presence of cardiac hypertrophy at 4 weeks of AV shunt in male (n = 12) and female (n = 12)(More)
It is commonly held that cardiac remodelling, represented by changes in muscle mass, size, and shape of the heart, explains the progression of congestive heart failure (CHF). However, this concept does not provide any clear information regarding the development of cardiac dysfunction in CHF. Extensive research has revealed that various subcellular(More)
Heart failure is known to be associated with an increase in cardiomyocyte apoptosis; however, neither its occurrence nor the mechanisms involved in hearts failing due to volume overload are completely understood. This study examined some of the signal pathways, which are known to regulate pro- or anti-apoptotic proteins, in heart failure due to volume(More)
Oxidative stress may be viewed as an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidant production and the state of glutathione redox buffer and antioxidant defense system. Recently, a new paradigm of redox signaling has emerged whereby ROS and oxidants can function as intracellular signaling molecules, where ROS- and oxidant-induced death signal(More)
Volume overload due to arteriovenous (AV) shunt results in cardiac hypertrophy followed by the progression to heart failure. The phosphoinositide phospholipase C (PLC) converts phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) to 1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate (IP(3)), which are known to influence cardiac function. Therefore, we(More)
Because the left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy due to volume overload induced by arteriovenous (AV) shunt was associated with an increase in phospholipase C (PLC) isozyme mRNA levels, PLC is considered to be involved in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Since the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is activated in cardiac hypertrophy, the role of RAS in the(More)
This study was undertaken to determine gender related changes in different components of β-adrenoceptor (β-AR) system in response to arteriovenous fistula (AV-shunt), which is known to produce heart failure due to volume overload. AV-shunt was induced in male and female rats for 16 weeks by the needle technique; ovariectomized (OVX) rats treated with or(More)