Melissa Parillo

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It is commonly believed that high-carbohydrate (CHO) diets improve peripheral insulin sensitivity; however, this concept is based on anecdotal evidence. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that in non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients treated with insulin, a high-monounsaturated-fat (MUFA) diet is more effective than a high-complex-CHO diet in reducing(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate in type 1 diabetic patients 1) the long-term feasibility of a high-fiber (HF) diet composed exclusively of natural foodstuffs and 2) the efficacy of this diet in relation to blood glucose control and incidence of hypoglycemic episodes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The study was randomized with parallel groups. Participants were part(More)
In the last 10 years nutritional research on diabetes has improved dramatically in terms of both number of studies produced and quality of methodologies employed. Therefore, it is now possible to attempt to provide the evidence on which nutritional recommendations for the prevention of type 2 diabetes could be based. We therefore performed a literature(More)
The present study was aimed at evaluating in patients with type 2 diabetes: (1) the glycaemic response to four starchy foods based on wheat, typical of the Italian diet; (2) the importance of some food characteristics in relation to their effects on postprandial glucose response. Seventeen patients with type 2 diabetes (eleven men and six women)(More)
To evaluate whether the same amount of carbohydrate (CHO) in different foods gives different glycaemic responses when consumed in the context of a real meal, seven diabetic patients were given in a random order and on alternate days three test meals of identical composition. Each meal consisted of a fixed part to which a 50 g CHO portion of either bread (90(More)
BACKGROUND A low glycemic index (LGI) diet has been proposed as a treatment for obesity in adults; few studies have evaluated LGI diets in obese children. AIM The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of two diets, with similar energy intakes, but different glycemic indexes in a pediatric outpatient setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A parallel-(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether an insulin regimen with a long-acting zinc insulin (Ultratard HM) could help control fasting hyperglycemia in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A randomized sequential crossover trial with 6-wk treatment periods was used. Ten IDDM patients from the diabetes clinic at the Medical(More)
Dietary carbohydrates represent one of the major sources of energy for the human body. However, the main (if not the only) therapy for diabetes since ancient times has been based on reducing dietary carbohydrates drastically because of their effects on blood glucose levels. The introduction of insulin in the 1920s and then of oral hypoglycaemic drugs led to(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the metabolic effects of a high-carbohydrate (CHO), high-fiber diet with only moderate protein restriction with those of a low-CHO, low-fiber diet with a low protein content in six diabetic patients with moderate chronic renal failure. The high-CHO, high-fiber diet induced a significant improvement in blood glucose(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of high-glycaemic index and low-glycaemic index meals on postprandial blood glucose in patients with Type 1 diabetes treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion. METHODS Sixteen patients with Type 1 diabetes under continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion treatment, age 36±0.5 years (mean±sem), HbA(1c) 7.6±0.2%(More)