Melissa Meaney Phillips

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Arginine deprivation is a novel antimetabolite strategy for the treatment of arginine-dependent cancers that exploits differential expression and regulation of key urea cycle enzymes. Several studies have focused on inactivation of argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1) in a range of malignancies, including melanoma, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC),(More)
Importance Preclinical studies show that arginine deprivation is synthetically lethal in argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1)-negative cancers, including mesothelioma. The role of the arginine-lowering agent pegylated arginine deiminase (ADI-PEG20) has not been evaluated in a randomized and biomarker-driven study among patients with cancer. Objective To(More)
The ability of the dexamethasone (9 alpha-fluoro-11 beta, 17,21-trihydroxy-16 alpha-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione)-receptor complex to bind to DNA-cellulose is stimulated by RNase treatment of the activated receptor. Both RNase A and RNase T1 can induce the stimulation. The enhancement of the DNA binding ability occurs concomitantly with an alteration(More)
Nine organic acids (citric acid, galacturonic acid, glycolic acid, isocitric acid, malic acid, oxalic acid, quinic acid, shikimic acid, and tartaric acid) and two anions (phosphate and sulfate) were determined in a suite of Vaccinium berry-containing dietary supplement standard reference materials (SRMs). Following solvent extraction, three independent(More)
Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) offer the scientific community a stable and homogenous source of material that holds countless application possibilities. Traditionally, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has provided SRMs with associated quantitative information (certified values) for a select group of targeted analytes as(More)
Choline is a quaternary amine that is synthesized in the body or consumed through the diet. Choline is critical for cell membrane structure and function and in synthesis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Although the human body produces this micronutrient, dietary supplementation of choline is necessary for good health. The major challenge in the(More)
Vitamins are essential for improving and maintaining human health, and the main source of vitamins is the diet. Measurement of the quantities of water-soluble vitamins in common food materials is important to understand the impact of vitamin intake on human health, and also to provide necessary information for regulators to determine adequate intakes.(More)
Comprehensive, two-dimensional liquid chromatography (LC × LC) is a powerful technique for the separation of complex mixtures. Most studies using LC × LC are focused on qualitative efforts, such as increasing peak capacity. The present study examined the use of LC × LC-UV/vis for the separation and quantitation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).(More)