Melissa L. Nguyen

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As an initial approach to optimize delta-aminolaevulinic acid (delta-ALA)-induced photosensitization of tumours, we examined the response of three enzymes of the haem biosynthetic pathway: delta-ALA dehydratase, porphobilinogen deaminase (PBGD) and ferrochelatase. Only PBGD activity displayed a time- and dose-related increase in tumours after intravenous(More)
A major virulence factor of Bacillus anthracis is the anthrax Lethal Toxin (LeTx), a bipartite toxin composed of Protective Antigen and Lethal Factor. Systemic administration of LeTx to laboratory animals leads to death associated with vascular leakage and pulmonary edema. In this study, we investigated whether systemic exposure of mice to LeTx would induce(More)
Many adaptive changes occur in response to chronic or repeated stress, involving complex regulatory interactions between central stress-related afferents and the central components of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. One change associated with chronic stress is an attenuation of corticosteroid receptor-mediated feedback inhibition of the HPA(More)
Anthrax Lethal Toxin consists of Protective Antigen (PA) and Lethal Factor (LF), and current vaccination strategies focus on eliciting antibodies to PA. In human vaccination, the response to PA can vary greatly, and the response is often directed toward non-neutralizing epitopes. Variable vaccine responses have been shown to be due in part to genetic(More)
Recently, considerable interest has been given to photodynamic therapy of cancer using delta-aminolaevulinic acid to induce protoporphyrin IX as the cell photosensitizer. One advantage of this modality is that protoporphyrin IX is cleared from tissue within 24 h after delta-aminolaevulinic acid administration. This could allow for multiple treatment(More)
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