Melissa L. Burke

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Schistosomiasis continues to be a significant cause of parasitic morbidity and mortality worldwide. This review considers the basic features of the pathology and clinical outcomes of hepatointestinal and genitourinary schistosomiasis, presents an overview of the numerous studies on animal models that have clarified many of the immunopathological features,(More)
BACKGROUND Primary prevention programmes in many countries attempt to reduce mortality and morbidity due to coronary heart disease (CHD) through risk factor modification. It is widely believed that multiple risk factor intervention using counselling and educational methods is efficacious and cost-effective and should be expanded. Recent trials examining(More)
In hepatic schistosomiasis, pathology arises when schistosome eggs become lodged in the host liver, evoking an interleukin 4 (IL-4)- and IL-13-mediated dominant CD4(+) Th2 immune response. This response leads to the development of granulomas and fibrosis, with eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, hepatic stellate cells, and lymphocytes all identified as(More)
Schistosomiasis continues to be an important cause of parasitic morbidity and mortality world-wide. Determining the molecular mechanisms regulating the development of granulomas and fibrosis will be essential for understanding how schistosome antigens interact with the host environment. We report here the first whole genome microarray analysis of the murine(More)
The spectrum, pathogenesis, and changing bacteriology of spontaneous abdominal aortic infections is presented. The classic presentation includes fever, positive blood cultures, and a pulsatile abdominal mass. However, most essential in the preoperative diagnosis is having a high index of suspicion. The bacteriologic spectrum is changing, with Salmonella now(More)
PURPOSE To introduce a middle-range nursing theory of chronic sorrow that presents this sorrow as a normal response to ongoing disparity due to loss. Chronic sorrow is the periodic recurrence of permanent, pervasive sadness or other grief related feelings associated with a significant loss. The theory provides a framework for understanding and working with(More)
The migrating schistosomulum is an important stage of the schistosome lifecycle and represents a key target for elimination of infection by natural and vaccine-induced host immune responses. To gain a better understanding of how schistosomes initiate a primary host immune response we have characterised the host lung response to migrating Schistosoma(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate UK need for outpatient cardiac rehabilitation, current provision and identification of patient groups not receiving services. To conduct a systematic review of literature on methods to improve uptake and adherence to cardiac rehabilitation. To estimate cost implications of increasing uptake of cardiac rehabilitation. DATA SOURCES(More)
The severity of schistosome egg-induced hepatic granulomatous pathology depends markedly on the nature of the host immune responses. In this study, we used LMM and microarray analysis to compare gene expression profiles of histologically distinct zones within, and directly proximal to, hepatic granulomas that developed in C57BL/6 mice infected with(More)
We present the preoperative findings of 102 patients who underwent successful splenectomy for advanced schistosomiasis japonica. All patients were symptomatic for schistosomiasis and had splenomegaly greater than or equal to II according to the Hackett criteria. Before surgery, all patients underwent clinical examination including full blood count;(More)