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Antimicrobial effector mechanisms are central to the function of the innate immune response in host defense against microbial pathogens. In humans, activation of Toll-like receptor 2/1 (TLR2/1) on monocytes induces a vitamin D dependent antimicrobial activity against intracellular mycobacteria. Here, we report that TLR activation of monocytes triggers(More)
Propionibacterium acnes is a critical component in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris, stimulating the production of various inflammatory mediators, such as cytokines and chemokines, important in the local inflammatory response found in acne. This study explored the role of P. acnes and its ability to induce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in primary human(More)
Propionibacterium acnes is a major etiological factor of acne, triggering an inflammatory response in part through the activation of TLR2. In this study, we demonstrate that activation of peripheral blood monocytes with P. acnes in vitro induced their differentiation into two distinct innate immune cell subsets, CD209(+) macrophages and CD1b(+) dendritic(More)
We present a 67-year-old man with an ulcerated, indurated plaque on the right mid back with a presumed diagnosis of morphea that was complicated by an allergic contact dermatitis. Further clinical and histopathologic data elucidated the diagnosis of fluoroscopy-induced radiation dermatitis. We present a brief review of the common locations, clinical(More)
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