Melissa J. Romeo

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BACKGROUND Histopathologic evaluation of surgical specimens is a well established technique for disease identification, and has remained relatively unchanged since its clinical introduction. Although it is essential for clinical investigation, histopathologic identification of tissues remains a time consuming and subjective technique, with unsatisfactory(More)
We report infrared microspectral features of nuclei in a completely inactive and contracted (pyknotic) state, and of nuclei of actively dividing cells. For pyknotic nuclei, the very high local concentration of DNA leads to opaqueness of the chromatin and, consequently, the absence of DNA signals in the IR spectra of very small nuclei. However, these nuclei(More)
This chapter presents novel microscopic methods to monitor cell biological processes of live or fixed cells without the use of any dye, stains, or other contrast agent. These methods are based on spectral techniques that detect inherent spectroscopic properties of biochemical constituents of cells, or parts thereof. Two different modalities have been(More)
In this contribution, we discuss state-of-the-art methodology for the collection and analysis of hyperspectral images of tissue that will become useful in complementing classical histopathology. In particular, we discuss sampling strategies, data collection methods, and computational approaches to produce pseudo-color maps of large tissue sections of lymph(More)
We have previously reported spectral differences for cells at different stages of the eukaryotic cell division cycle. These differences are due to the drastic biochemical and morphological changes that occur as a consequence of cell proliferation. We correlate these changes in FTIR absorption and Raman spectra of individual cells with their biochemical age(More)
We report microscopically collected infrared spectra of cells found in human urine in an effort to develop automatic methods for bladder cancer screening. Unsupervised multivariate analysis of the observed spectral patterns reveals distinct spectral classes, which correlated very well with visual cytology. Therefore, we believe that spectral analysis of(More)
We report the first ever Raman and infrared microspectroscopic images of human cells at different stages of mitosis. These spectroscopic methods monitor the distribution of condensed nuclear chromatin, and other biochemical components, utilizing inherent protein and DNA spectral markers, and, therefore, do not require the use of any stains. In conjunction(More)
We discuss the causes contributing to the variance of the spectra of individual human epithelial cells. This aspect has largely been ignored in previous studies, but needs to be understood for diagnostic applications of infrared micro-spectroscopy. We attribute the spectral variance to Mie scattering, and to variations of nuclear contributions to the(More)
We report results from a study of human and canine mucosal cells, investigated by infrared micro-spectroscopy, and analyzed by methods of multivariate statistics. We demonstrate that the infrared spectra of individual cells are sensitive to the stage of maturation, and that a distinction between healthy and diseased cells will be possible. Since this report(More)
We report for the first time the infrared spectra of individual human cervical cancer (HeLa) cells suspended in buffer or cell culture medium. Although we did not establish whether these cells were viable at the time of spectral data acquisition, we believe that the methodology used is applicable to the study of live cells. Data were collected either from(More)