Melissa J Benton

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OVERVIEW Sarcopenia is the age-related loss of muscle mass. Sarcopenic obesity, which describes the process of muscle loss combined with increased body fat as people age, is associated with loss of strength and function, reduced quality of life, and early death. This article describes the clinical significance of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity, their(More)
Hormone replacement therapy, once the gold standard for treatment of osteoporosis, is no longer a clinical option. Effective alternatives are available using resistance exercise and supplementation with calcium and vitamin D to ameliorate bone loss and promote new bone formation. This article summarizes current evidence and provides recommendations for(More)
To evaluate the effect of age on quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors after resistance training, 20 women were assigned to 1 of 2 groups based on age (YRT 40-59 yr, ORT 60-80 yr). Both groups completed 3 sets of 8 exercises twice a week for 8 wk. Measurements were obtained before and after the training program. QOL was measured using the Body(More)
PURPOSE The primary goal of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is for patients to achieve and maintain their maximum level of independence and functioning in the community. Traditional PR uses a predominantly aerobic/endurance approach to rehabilitation with little or no inclusion of exercises to increase strength. Few studies have investigated the impact of(More)
Research suggests that ingesting protein after resistance exercise (RE) increases muscle protein synthesis and results in greater muscle gains. The effect on energy expenditure and substrate utilization, however, is unclear. This study evaluated the effect of RE and postexercise protein on recovery energy expenditure and substrate utilization in 17 women(More)
Although a rich body of research exists regarding the safety and efficacy of resistance training, health care providers continue to caution patients with heart failure not to engage in this type of exercise. Research studies utilizing resistance training demonstrate improvements in muscular strength and endurance, New York Heart Association functional(More)
Our purpose was to evaluate accuracy of multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MFBIA) using air displacement plethysmography (ADP) as the criterion measure. Body composition of 27 women was assessed by ADP followed immediately by MFBIA. There was a strong relationship (p = .01) between ADP and MFBIA in absolute lean mass (r = 0.80), absolute fat(More)
PURPOSE Individuals with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are frequently characterized as cachectic and suffering from generalized weight loss and muscle wasting. Loss of body mass is associated with disability and premature mortality, and body mass index (BMI) has been used as a marker for nutritional status and to predict survival. This(More)
Resistance training for health is increasingly popular, yet limited research exists regarding the most appropriate and reliable methods to evaluate outcomes among nonathletic populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences between multiple trials of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) strength in healthy previously untrained women (35.5 +/- 2.1(More)