Melissa Holmes

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MOTIVATION Microarray data must be background corrected to remove the effects of non-specific binding or spatial heterogeneity across the array, but this practice typically causes other problems such as negative corrected intensities and high variability of low intensity log-ratios. Different estimators of background, and various model-based processing(More)
The transcription factor Pax5 is essential for B cell commitment in the mouse, where it represses lineage-inappropriate gene expression while simultaneously activating the B cell gene expression program. In this study we have performed a global gene expression screen of wild-type and Pax5-deficient pro-B cells in an attempt to identify the crucial Pax5(More)
Early B-lymphopoiesis requires the growth-factor receptors, IL-7R and Flt3, and the activity of a number of transcription factors. One factor, Pax5, is required for commitment to the B-cell lineage, although the molecular mechanism by which this occurs is unknown. We demonstrate here that an important function of Pax5 is to repress Flt3 transcription in(More)
Studies of gene expression in haloarchaea have been greatly hindered by the lack of a convenient reporter gene. In a previous study, a beta-galactosidase from Haloferax alicantei was purified and several peptide sequences determined. The peptide sequences have now been used to clone the entire beta-galactosidase gene (designated bgaH) along with some(More)
As a first step in the development of a reporter system for gene expression in halophilic archaea, a beta-galactosidase was purified 140-fold from Haloferax alicantei (previously phenon K, strain Aa2.2). An overproducing mutant was first isolated by UV mutagenesis and screening on agar plates containing X-Gal substrate. Cytoplasmic extracts of the mutant(More)
We have developed a cloning vector for use in halophilic archaebacteria which has a novobiocin resistance determinant as a selectable marker. The resistance determinant, which was derived from the genome of a resistant mutant strain, was mapped to a site within a 6.7-kb DNA clone by using a recombination assay and was sequenced. An open reading frame of(More)
We report here on advances made in the construction of plasmid shuttle vectors suitable for genetic manipulations in both Escherichia coli and halobacteria. Starting with a 20.4-kb construct, pMDS1, new vectors were engineered which were considerably smaller yet retained several alternative cloning sites. A restriction barrier observed when plasmid DNA was(More)
The gene of a halophilic alkaline serine protease, halolysin, from an unidentified halophilic archaea (archaebacterium) was cloned and its nucleotide sequence was determined. The deduced amino acid sequence showed that halolysin consists of 411 amino acids, with a molecular weight of 41,963. The highest homology was found with thermitase from(More)
The pMDS series of cloning vectors developed for use in halophilic archaea have utilized a 10.5-kb plasmid, pHK2, from Haloferax sp. Aa2.2. The minimal replicon of pHK2 has now been determined (3359 bp) and completely sequenced. No significant sequence similarity was found between the pHK2 subfragment and plasmid pHV2 from the closely related H. volcanii.(More)
Transdifferentiation, the process of converting from one cell type to another without going through a pluripotent state, has great promise for regenerative medicine. The identification of key transcription factors for reprogramming is currently limited by the cost of exhaustive experimental testing of plausible sets of factors, an approach that is(More)