Melissa D. Pope

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HIV-1 subverts antigen processing in dendritic cells (DCs) resulting in viral uptake, infection, and transfer to T cells. Although DCs bound monomeric gp120 and HIV-1 similarly, virus rarely colocalized with endolysosomal markers, unlike gp120, suggesting HIV-1 alters endolysosomal trafficking. Virus within DC intracellular compartments rapidly moved to(More)
HIV-1 actively replicates in dendritic cell (DC)-T cell cocultures, but it has been difficult to demonstrate substantial infection of purified mature DCs. We now find that HIV-1 begins reverse transcription much more efficiently in DCs than T cells, even though T cells have higher levels of CD4 and gp120 binding. DCs isolated from skin or from blood(More)
Identification of cellular factors involved in HIV-1 entry and transmission at mucosal surfaces is critical for understanding viral pathogenesis and development of effective prevention strategies. Here we describe the evaluation of HIV-1 entry inhibitors for their ability to prevent infection of, and dissemination from, human cervical tissue ex vivo.(More)
Immature dendritic cells (DCs), unlike mature DCs, require the viral determinant nef to drive immunodeficiency virus (SIV and HIV) replication in coculture with CD4(+) T cells. Since immature DCs may capture and get infected by virus during mucosal transmission, we hypothesized that Nef associated with the virus or produced during early replication might(More)
HIV-1 replicates more efficiently in cultured IL-2-dependent CD4 T cells expressing V beta 12 T cell receptors (TCRs) rather than other TCRs (Laurence et al., 1992). A viral reservoir is frequently established in V beta 12 T cells in HIV-1-infected patients. Here we show that cytomegalovirus (CMV) is responsible for V beta 12-selective HIV-1 replication(More)
Herpes simplex viruses (HSV) infect human and murine dendritic cells (DCs) and interfere with their immunostimulatory functions in culture. HSV-2 infection increases human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) spread in patients, and DCs also promote HIV infection. We have studied these topics in rhesus macaque monocyte-derived DCs (moDCs) to set the stage for(More)
Immunodeficiency virus uptake, turnover, and two-phase transfer in human (973 articles) Phagocytes (4939 articles) Immunobiology Articles on similar topics can be found in the following Blood collections Information about subscriptions and ASH membership may be found online at: digital object identifier (DOIs) and date of initial publication. the indexed by(More)
The zinc finger motifs in retroviral nucleocapsid (NC) proteins are essential for viral replication. Disruption of these Cys-X2-Cys-X4-His-X4-Cys zinc-binding structures eliminates infectivity. To determine if N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) can inactivate human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) or simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) preparations by alkylating(More)
In vivo administration of soluble Flt3L increases dendritic cell (DC) numbers to favor improved DC targeting of vaccine antigens, augmenting vaccine efficiency. In addition to confirming the effectiveness of human Flt3L in macaques, we strove to determine the optimal regimen to elevate numbers of functional DCs. Circulating DCs were identified within(More)