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This study addresses a mechanism by which lymphocytes may promote vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and angiogenesis in immune inflammation. Resting human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVECs) were found to express low levels of VEGF messenger RNA (mRNA) by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and ribonuclease protection assay… (More)
MDR1 P-glycoprotein (P-gp), the multidrug resistance-associated transmembrane transporter, is physiologically expressed by human peripheral immune cells, but its role in cell-mediated immunity remains poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate a novel role for P-gp in alloantigen-dependent human T cell activation. The pharmacologic P-gp inhibitor tamoxifen… (More)
A study was made to assess the value of cobalamin deficiency detection through quantitation of urinary methylmalonic acid (MMA). Urinary MMA was measured in 1118 patients suffering from megaloblastic anemia, other anemias, elevated red cell mean corpuscular volume, or unexplained neurologic disorders. Patients without proven cobalamin deficiency had urinary… (More)
Memory deficits are characteristic of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) and co-occur with hippocampal pathology. The HIV-1 transactivator of transcription (Tat), a regulatory protein, plays a significant role in these events, but the cellular mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Within the hippocampus, diverse populations of interneurons… (More)
The role of inhibitors and other factors in the pathogenesis of recurrent Ca-containing renal stones. Measurement of inorganic pyro-phosphate in biological fluids and bone tissues.