Melissa Austin

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We used single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to study postictal cerebral blood flow (CBF) in 51 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. There were 78 seizures studied, 77 by early postictal injection of Tc-99m HMPAO (delay from seizure onset = 4.3 +/- 4.5 min) and one by ictal injection. Increased focal temporal lobe uptake, predominantly(More)
The yield of ictal, postictal, and interictal SPECT was compared in the localisation of seizure foci in 177 patients with partial epilepsy. In 119 patients with known unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy ictal SPECT (97% correct localisation) was superior to postictal SPECT (71% correct), which was better than interictal studies (48% correct). Similarly, in(More)
PURPOSE The combination of cisplatin and radiotherapy is a standard treatment for patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Cetuximab-radiotherapy is superior to radiotherapy alone in this population, validating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) as a target. Erlotinib is a small-molecule inhibitor of EGFR.(More)
We studied clinical and ictal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) features in 14 patients with parietal lobe epilepsy, nine of whom had structural parietal lobe lesions. Thirteen patients had simple partial seizures of somatosensory (eight), psychic (four), and motor (nine) types. Complex partial seizures (CPS) occurred in seven patients; six(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is no routinely used method for imaging the location of the extent and severity of cerebral tissue perfusion changes during the first hours of ischemic stroke, the period during which therapeutic intervention is most likely to be successful. Cerebral perfusion measurements with single-photon emission CT (SPECT) may potentially(More)
Effective surgical treatment of patients with intractable complex partial seizures depends on accurate preoperative seizure focus localization. We evaluated seizure localization with interictal and immediate postictal single photon emission computed tomographic images of cerebral perfusion using technetium-99m-hexamethyl-propyleneamineoxime (99mTc-HMPAO) in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We used 99mTc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to study cerebral perfusion in patients treated with streptokinase for acute ischemic stroke in an open and prospective study. Our primary aims were (1) to compare the extent of reperfusion between patients who had received thrombolytic(More)
Ictal SPECT provides unique information for the clinician treating patients with refractory epilepsy and reveals insights into the pathophysiology of seizures. We describe our methods for the routine attainment of ictal images using 99mTc-HMPAO. We have devised and implemented techniques for rapid reconstitution of 99mTc-HMPAO adjacent to the video-EEG(More)
Interictal 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT images were compared to ictal EEG localization in 51 patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy to determine their usefulness for preoperative seizure focus localization. Both quantified temporal lobe asymmetry and blinded visual detection of temporal lobe hypoperfusion were employed. Visual analysis detected ipsilateral(More)
Background:Cisplatin-radiotherapy is a preferred standard for locally advanced, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, the cisplatin-attributable survival benefit is small and toxicity substantial. A biomarker of cisplatin resistance could guide treatment selection and spare morbidity. The ERCC1-XPF nuclease is critical to DNA repair(More)