Melissa Ann Runge-Morris

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Glucocorticoid-inducible hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase (SULT2-40/41) gene transcription was investigated in primary cultured rat hepatocytes transiently transfected with a series of SULT2-40/41 5'-flanking region-luciferase reporter constructs, with emphasis on examining the functional role of an inverted repeat-0 nuclear receptor motif (IR0). Treatment(More)
Aryl- (SULT1A1), estrogen- (SULT1E1), and hydroxysteroid- (SULT2A1) sulfotransferases (SULTs) are active determinants of xenobiotic detoxication and hormone metabolism in the adult human liver. To investigate the role of these conjugating enzymes in the developing human liver, the ontogeny of immunoreactive SULT1A1, SULT1E1, and SULT2A1 expression was(More)
Because hormones have been implicated in the molecular regulation of the sulfotransferase multigene family, the effects of glucocorticoid and antiglucocorticoid hormones on rat hepatic hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase-a and aryl sulfotransferase IV gene expression were investigated in vivo and in primary rat hepatocyte culture. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
Hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase (SULT2A) enzymes play important roles in hepatic steroid and xenobiotic metabolism. Unlike humans, which express one SULT2A, inspection of mouse genome information indicated the presence of seven SULT2A genes within a cluster on chromosome 7. The age- and sex-dependent expressions of the seven murine SULT2A family members(More)
The effects of rifampicin treatment on SULT2A1 mRNA expression were evaluated in 23 preparations of primary cultured human hepatocytes. In contrast to the consistently occurring induction of CYP3A4, a prototypical pregnane X receptor (PXR) target gene, rifampicin treatment increased SULT2A1 mRNA levels in 12 of the hepatocyte preparations, but it produced(More)
To determine whether the dexamethasone (DEX)-inducible hepatic sulfotransferase gene expression that has been described in the rat is conserved in humans, the effects of DEX treatment on hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase (SULT2A1) and aryl sulfotransferase (SULT1A1) gene expression were investigated in primary cultured human hepatocytes. Hepatocytes were(More)
Cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULTs) catalyze the sulfate conjugation of a myriad of endogenous and xenobiotic substrates. Among the 13 human SULTs, little is known regarding regulation of the SULT1C subfamily. We evaluated the effects of a panel of transcription factor activators on levels of SULT1C mRNA (1C2 and 1C3) and protein (1C2) in LS180 colorectal(More)
To determine whether glucocorticoid-inducible expression of hepatic hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase is conserved in mouse, the effects of dexamethasone (DEX) on hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase (mSULT2A) gene expression were investigated in primary cultured hepatocytes prepared from C57BL/6J mice. In female mouse hepatocytes, DEX (10(-7) and 10(-5) M,(More)
The 5'-flanking region [1892 base pairs (bp)] of the rat aryl sulfotransferase (SULT1A1) gene was cloned and the cis-acting sequences involved in glucocorticoid-inducible SULT1A1 gene transcription were characterized. SULT1A1 promoter and 5'-flanking sequences lacked a TATA box and a consensus glucocorticoid response element. Using a 5'-rapid amplification(More)
During phase II metabolism, a substrate is rendered more hydrophilic through the covalent attachment of an endogenous molecule. The cytosolic sulfotransferase (SULT) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) families of enzymes account for the majority of phase II metabolism in humans and animals. In general, phase II metabolism is considered to be a(More)