Melissa Abrahams

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The concentration of propofol in and surrounding the human brain during propofol anaesthesia is unknown. We measured simultaneously the concentration of propofol in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from an indwelling intraventricular catheter and the concentration in arterial blood in five neurosurgical patients before, during induction (at 2.5 and 5 min) and(More)
Human breast milk is known to contain numerous biologically active components which protect breast fed infants against microbes, viruses, and toxins. The purpose of this study was to purify and characterize the breast milk mucin and determine its anti-poxvirus activity. In this study human milk mucin, free of contaminant protein and of sufficient quantity(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate proprioception is critical while walking, yet an ambulatory epidural regimen that provides adequate analgesia for labour while simultaneously preserving proprioceptive input has not been described. METHODS Sixty primigravidae in established labour received bupivacaine 15 mg (15 ml of 0.1% w/v) and fentanyl 100 micrograms through a(More)
Three monomeric monocot lectins from Zephyranthes carinata, Zephyranthes candida, and Gloriosa superba with carbohydrate specificity towards mannose derivatives and (or) oligomannose have been isolated and purified from their storage tissues. The lectins were purified by anion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephacyl and by gel filtration chromatography on(More)
Different studies have demonstrated both an increase and a decrease in the biosynthesis of nitric oxide (NO) during the first 2 days following experimental and human burn trauma. This study investigated changes in urinary nitrate excretion in humans following thermal injury in order to determine the temporal relationship between NO release and the initial(More)
Propofol depresses both cerebral oxygen consumption and glucose utilization. We tested the hypothesis that these well described effects on brain metabolism are manifest by a reduction in neuronal acid production in vitro. The rate of extracellular acidification in primary cell cultures of rat cortical neurones was measured using a novel instrument (silicon(More)
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