Melissa A Taylor

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Chloride secretion by the in vivo rectal gland of the shark is stimulated by the intravascular infusion of salt solutions of varying osmolar and sodium concentration. In a cross-perfused and denervated rectal gland, the infusion of a small amount of a hypertonic salt solution raises plasma osmolality but does not increase plasma volume in the donor fish.(More)
Intravascular volume expansion causes a 300% increase in the rate of fluid secretion from, and blood flow to, the in vivo rectal gland of the spiny dogfish Squalus acanthias. Similar increases are also observed in explanted rectal glands perfused through a catheter from the dorsal aorta of a volume-expanded dogfish. Stimulation of rectal gland secretion by(More)
CONTEXT Over nearly two decades, a wealth of literature describing the various capabilities, uses and adaptations of virtual microscopy (VM) has been published. Many studies have investigated the effects on and benefits to student learning of VM compared with optical microscopy (OM). OBJECTIVES This study statistically aggregated the findings of multiple(More)
Mice lacking Ren1c were generated using C57BL/6-derived embryonic stem cells. Mice homozygous for Ren1c disruption (Ren1c-/-) are born at the expected ratio, but approximately 80% die of dehydration within a few days. The surviving Ren1c-/- mice have no renin mRNA expression in the kidney, hydronephrosis, thickening of renal arterial walls, and fibrosis in(More)
We altered renal prostaglandin production by isolated rat kidneys in several ways to see if this would influence the susceptibility of cells lining the medullary thick ascending limb to injury. Rats were fed a diet containing either safflower oil (high in linoleic acid) or fish oil (low in arachidonate precursors) as a source of fat. After 90 min of(More)
The debate regarding anatomy laboratory teaching approaches is ongoing and controversial. To date, the literature has yielded only speculative conclusions because of general methodological weaknesses and a lack of summative empirical evidence. Through a meta-analysis, this study compared the effectiveness of instructional laboratory approaches used in(More)
The spiny dogfish Squalus acanthias responds to volume expansion by increasing the rate of chloride secretion by its rectal gland. The response is elicited by intravascular infusion of either isotonic shark Ringer solution, a 1 M hypertonic sodium chloride solution, or an isotonic hyponatremic solution containing equal volumes of shark Ringer solution and(More)
beta-Hydroxybutyrate (but not acetoacetate) caused marked inhibition of ammonia production and glutamine extraction in isolated perfused kidneys from normal rats. Glutamine synthesis was not affected by beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB). Measurement of metabolite levels in freeze-clamped kidneys showed that BHB increased glutamine concentration, decreased ammonia(More)
The rectal gland of the shark plays a significant role in the homeostasis of extracellular volume. Regulation of rectal gland function is under hormonal control, but the precise identity of the humoral mediator is unknown. Atriopeptin stimulates rectal gland chloride secretion in vivo. This stimulation of epithelial transport is accompanied by systemic and(More)
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