Melissa A Reed

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CONTEXT Intracellular lipid partitioning toward storage and the incomplete oxidation of fatty acids (FA) have been linked to insulin resistance. OBJECTIVE To gain insight into how intracellular lipid metabolism is related to insulin signal transduction, we examined the effects of severe obesity, excess FA, and overexpression of the FA transporter, FA(More)
CONTEXT Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been shown to induce rapid and durable reversal of type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate a possible mechanism for the remission of type 2 diabetes after RYGB. DESIGN A cross-sectional, nonrandomized, controlled study was conducted. Surgery patients were studied before RYGB and 1 wk(More)
CONTEXT Surgical treatments of obesity have been shown to induce rapid and prolonged improvements in insulin sensitivity. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of gastric bypass surgery and the mechanisms that explain the improvement in insulin sensitivity. DESIGN We performed a cross-sectional, nonrandomized, controlled study.(More)
BACKGROUND Duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) has been shown to reverse type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, a rodent model of non-obese T2DM. Skeletal muscle insulin resistance is a hallmark decrement in T2DM. The aim of the current work was to investigate the effects of DJB on skeletal muscle insulin signal transduction and glucose disposal. It(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of exercise training on intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content and test the hypothesis that the effect of endurance-oriented exercise training on IMCL is dependent on characteristics of the population studied. Lean (N = 11, body mass index (BMI) = 22.2 ± 0.7 kg·m⁻²), obese (N = 14, BMI = 38.8 ± 1.7(More)
The molecular mechanisms of obesity-associated insulin resistance are becoming increasingly clear, and the effects of various lipid molecules, such as diacylglycerol and ceramide, on the insulin signal are being actively explored. To better understand the divergent response to lipid exposure between lean and obese, we incubated primary human muscle cells(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) from children with atypical chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), their mother and siblings, and normal controls were studied in regard to glycolytic and hexose monophosphate shunt activities in the resting, methylene blue-stimulated, and phagocytizing states. PMNL from the patients with CGD had normal glycolytic and(More)
BACKGROUND After initial onset, adequate glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) presents a continuing challenge even with aggressive pharmacologic treatment, and longer disease duration is associated with poorer resolution in response to Roux-en Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity is an important determinant of(More)
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