Melissa A. Melan

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We isolated and characterized a 2.8-kb, full-length, Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA clone encoding a lipoxygenase. DNA sequence analysis showed that the deduced amino acid sequence of the Arabidopsis protein is 72 to 78% similar to that of legume seed lipoxygenases. DNA blot analysis indicated that Arabidopsis contains a single gene, LOX1, with appreciable(More)
There is growing evidence demonstrating the complexity of melatonin's role in modulating a diverse number of physiological processes. This complexity could be attributed to the fact that melatonin receptors belong to two distinct classes of proteins, that is, the G-protein coupled receptor superfamily (MT(1), MT(2)) and the quinone reductase enzyme family(More)
Autophagy is a cellular response to adverse environment and stress, but its significance in cell survival is not always clear. Here we show that autophagy could be induced in the mammalian cells by chemicals, such as A23187, tunicamycin, thapsigargin, and brefeldin A, that cause endoplasmic reticulum stress. Endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced autophagy is(More)
Immunofluorescence microscopy is widely used to characterize the cellular distribution of both soluble and structural proteins. Control experiments generally address only the specificity of the antibodies used. The permeabilization/fixation conditions used to prepare cells for antibody application are assumed to preserve faithfully the in vivo distributions(More)
Melatonin has gained recent popularity as a treatment for insomnia and other sleep disorders; however, its cellular effects are unknown. We report the effects of melatonin on the cellular morphology of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transformed to express the human melatonin receptors, mt1 and MT2. Our results show that melatonin exerts a strong(More)
BACKGROUND Genital infections due to herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) are characterized by frequent reactivation and shedding of the virus and by the attendant risk of transmission to sexual partners. We investigated the effects of vaginal coinfections and hormonal contraceptive use on genital tract shedding of HSV-2 in women. METHODS A total of 330(More)
In this investigation, we wanted to determine whether MT(1) or MT(2) melatonin receptors are capable of coupling to the phosphoinositide (PI) signal transduction cascade. In addition, we wanted to assess the effects of chronic melatonin exposure on MT(1) and MT(2) melatonin receptor-mediated stimulation of PI hydrolysis. We also assessed the effects of(More)
Melatonin induces cellular differentiation in numerous cell types. Data show that multiple mechanisms are involved in these processes that are cell-type specific and may be receptor dependent or independent. The focus of this study was to specifically assess the role of human MT1 melatonin receptors in cellular differentiation using an MT1-Chinese hamster(More)
Epidemiological studies indicate that the exogenous sex steroid medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) can impair cell-mediated immunity, but mechanisms responsible for this observation are not well defined. In this study, MPA administered to mice 1 wk prior to HSV type 1 (HSV-1) infection of their corneal mucosa impaired initial expansion of viral-specific(More)
Melatonin, a pineal hormone that induces sleep, has become a popular over-the-counter drug. The cellular effects of melatonin, however, are only beginning to be studied. We have recently shown that stimulation of the MT1 melatonin receptor induces rapid and dramatic cytoskeletal rearrangements in transformed non-neuronal cells (Witt-Enderby et al., Cell.(More)