Melissa A. Hilmes

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OBJECTIVE Childhood interstitial lung diseases (ILD) occur in a variety of clinical contexts. Advances in the understanding of disease pathogenesis and use of standardized terminology have facilitated increased case ascertainment. However, as all studies have been performed at specialized referral centers, the applicability of these findings to general(More)
The kidneys are a site of extramedullary leukemic disease that can be readily detected by CT. To demonstrate the spectrum of CT findings in children with renal leukemic involvement. Twelve children were identified retrospectively as having renal leukemic involvement by contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen. Contrast-enhanced CT images through the kidneys of(More)
Chest CT after pediatric trauma is frequently performed but its clinical impact, particularly with respect to surgical intervention, has not been adequately evaluated. To assess the impact of chest CT compared with chest radiography on pediatric trauma management. Two hundred thirty-five consecutive pediatric trauma patients who had both chest CT and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy and impact of emergent MRI after recent intervention in children with suspected osteomyelitis or septic arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective case-control study in children with suspected osteomyelitis or septic arthritis consisted of 34 study subjects (mean age, 5.3(More)
Circumflex retroesophageal right aortic arch with a markedly hypoplastic retroesophageal segment is a rare anomaly of the aortic arch. Adequate surgical management relies on precise diagnosis, which might not be feasible with echocardiography. To demonstrate the utility of MR imaging in establishing the diagnosis and to describe potential pitfalls in making(More)
The chest radiograph is commonly used in the diagnosis and management of patients presenting with respiratory illness. The language used to describe the findings is important to ensure appropriate communication with the referring clinician and thereby optimize patient management. In this study we attempted to determine how clinicians interpret specific(More)
Many pathological processes affect the spleen in children. As a basis for recognizing pathology, knowledge of the normal imaging appearance of the pediatric spleen is needed. In addition to congenital anomalies and trauma, pathology of the pediatric spleen includes enlargement (splenomegaly), cysts, neoplasms, infection and infarction. Specific diseases(More)
DNA polymerase alpha-primase is known to be phosphorylated in human and yeast cells in a cell cycle-dependent manner on the p180 and p68 subunits. Here we show that phosphorylation of purified human DNA polymerase alpha-primase by purified cyclin A/cdk2 in vitro reduced its ability to initiate simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA replication in vitro, while(More)
PURPOSE Hepatoblastoma is commonly unresectable at presentation, necessitating induction chemotherapy before definitive resection. To refine the paradigm for timing of resection, we questioned whether a plateau in hepatoblastoma responsiveness to neoadjuvant therapy could be detected by calculating tumor volume (TV) and serum alpha-fetoprotein (sAFP)(More)
Although the abdominopelvic CT findings of abdominal trauma in children have been described, little has been written about the subset of children who are victims of abuse. Our purpose is to describe abdominopelvic injuries in abused pre-school-age children as identified on CT. An IRB-approved retrospective review of our institutional child abuse registry(More)