Melinda Miller

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In a previous paper, I found that free land positively and significantly affected the economic outcomes of the Cherokee freedmen, a group of former slaves who received land. In this paper, I extend the analysis by twenty years to 1900. Using a newly collected linked census sample, I find that the Cherokee freedmen’s advantages seemed to persist. First, I(More)
This paper examines how the fertility of enslaved women was affected by the promise of freedom. Exploiting geographic variation in the effect of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, I demonstrate a negative correlation between fertility and the distance to freedom. This negative correlation is stronger on larger plantations but weaker when the slaveholder is a(More)
For over a century, scholars have been debating the effect of slavery on AfricanAmerican families after emancipation. In this paper, I introduce a unique sample that links people from the 1880 Cherokee Census to the 1860 United States Census Slave Schedules and the 1900 United States Census. By providing observations about a family’s experience during(More)
I study the e ect of railroads on integrating the economy of the United States in the midto late-nineteenth century. I have assembled a unique data set using hand-collected price data on 13 commodities for 283 locations in the United States over the years 1851-1892. A railroad connection between two places should reduce transportation costs and thus price(More)
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