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We provide an updated version of the Compendium of Physical Activities, a coding scheme that classifies specific physical activity (PA) by rate of energy expenditure. It was developed to enhance the comparability of results across studies using self-reports of PA. The Compendium coding scheme links a five-digit code that describes physical activities by(More)
Early detection and improved treatments for cancer have resulted in roughly 12 million survivors alive in the United States today. This growing population faces unique challenges from their disease and treatments, including risk for recurrent cancer, other chronic diseases, and persistent adverse effects on physical functioning and quality of life.(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the association between pre- and postdiagnosis physical activity (as well as change in prediagnosis to postdiagnosis physical activity) and mortality among women with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a prospective observational study of 933 women enrolled onto the Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle Study who were(More)
BACKGROUND Increased body weight at the time patients are diagnosed with breast carcinoma has been associated with an increased risk of recurrence and reduced survival. Weight gain also is common after diagnosis. Increasing physical activity (PA) after diagnosis may minimize these adverse outcomes. In this population-based study, the authors investigated(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of exercise on quality of life in (a) a randomized controlled trial of exercise among recently diagnosed breast cancer survivors undergoing adjuvant therapy and (b) a similar trial among post-treatment survivors. METHODS Fifty newly diagnosed breast cancer survivors were recruited through a hospital-based tumor registry(More)
PURPOSE Obese women and women who gain weight after a breast cancer diagnosis are at a greater risk for breast cancer recurrence and death compared with lean women and women who do not gain weight after diagnosis. In this population-based study, we assessed weight and body fat changes from during the first year of diagnosis to during the third year after(More)
Previous studies have shown that physical inactivity and obesity are risk factors for the development of colorectal cancer. However, controversy exists regarding the influence of these factors on survival in colorectal cancer patients. We evaluated the impact of recreational physical activity and body mass index (BMI) before and after colorectal cancer(More)
The study was conducted to determine the effect of physical activity on DNA methylation and to predict the consequence of this effect concerning gene expression and breast cancer survival. Blood samples, collected from 12 breast cancer patients who participated in a randomized clinical trial of exercise, were examined for exercise-related changes in DNA(More)
CONTEXT The increasing prevalence of obesity is a major public health concern. Physical activity may promote weight and body fat loss. OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat overall and by level of exercise. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial conducted from 1997 to 2001. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS A total of(More)
BACKGROUND High insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels may be associated with an increased breast cancer risk and/or death. Given the need to identify modifiable factors that decrease insulin, IGF-I, and breast cancer risk and death, we investigated the effects of a 6-month randomized controlled aerobic exercise intervention versus usual(More)