Melinda J. Barker

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INTRODUCTION While benzodiazepines are the most widely used psychotropic drugs, there are relatively few studies that have examined deficits in cognitive functioning after long-term use. The literature that is available is difficult to interpret due to conflicting results as well as a variety of methodological flaws. OBJECTIVE To systematically evaluate(More)
Despite the widespread prescribing of benzodiazepines, uncertainty still surrounds the potential for cognitive impairment following their long-term use. Furthermore, the degree of recovery that may take place after withdrawal or the level of residual impairment, if any, that is maintained in long-term benzodiazepine users is also unclear. The current paper(More)
Twenty participants with self-reported long-term benzodiazepine use (mean 108 months) who had previously withdrawn from medication (mean 42 months) were administered a battery of neuropsychological tests. Each long-term user was case matched for age, sex, and education to two control participants who reported never taking benzodiazepines (those with and(More)
HYPOTHESIS The primary purpose of this study was to determine if children, > or =5 years old, with onset of deafness before the acquisition of spoken language (i.e., prelingually deafened) derived more benefit from multichannel cochlear implants than from conventional hearing aids. It was hypothesized that children who used oral communication (speech plus(More)
Research suggests that duration of deafness prior to cochlear implantation affects postoperative speech recognition in adults. Duration of deafness usually is defined as the number of years between the onset of profound deafness and implantation. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of duration of deafness--expressed as percentage of life(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the auditory skills in everyday situations of prelingually deafened children with Clarion cochlear implants compared with hearing aids used preoperatively. STUDY DESIGN The Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (MAIS) was used to determine the preoperative and postoperative auditory skills of the children. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION(More)
The aim of this study was to report the incidence, prevalence and clinical characteristics of congenital hearing loss sufficient to require hearing aid fitting in the first 6 years of life for the 1993 birth cohort of the state of Victoria (population 4.4 million), Australia. In 1993, 64,116 infants born in the state of Victoria survived the neonatal(More)
Maise meal fortified with folic acid was administered to subjects in late pregnancy in a daily dose of either 500 or 300 mug of folic acid. Changes in hematological and folate nutritonal status were compared to those in subjects receiving 300 mug folic acid/day in tablet form, and also in subjects in a previous study who received unfortified maize meal(More)