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Invasiveness is a common feature of trophoblast and tumors; however, while tumor invasion is uncontrolled, trophoblast invasion is strictly regulated. Both trophoblast and tumor cells express high levels of the immunomodulatory progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF), therefore, we aimed to test the possibility that PIBF might be involved in invasion.(More)
Progesterone is indispensable in creating a suitable endometrial environment for implantation, and also for the maintenance of pregnancy. Successful pregnancy depends on an appropriate maternal immune response to the fetus. Along with its endocrine effects, progesterone also acts as an "immunosteroid", by contributing to the establishment of a pregnancy(More)
Progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF) induces Th2-dominant cytokine production. Western blotting and EMSA revealed phosphorylation as well as nuclear translocation of STAT6 and inhibition of STAT4 phosphorylation in PIBF-treated cells. The silencing of STAT6 by small interfering RNA reduced the cytokine effects. Because the activation of the STAT6(More)
Controlled trophoblast invasion is a key process during human placentation and a prerequisite for successful pregnancy. Progesterone is one of the factors to regulate trophoblast invasiveness. Progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF) is a progesterone-induced molecule expressed by the trophoblast, and also by tumors. The distribution of PIBF within the(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients achieving rapid virological response (RVR) on PEG-IFN/ribavirin (P/R) therapy have high chance of sustained virological response (SVR). To analyze host immunological factors associated with RVR, viral kinetics, phenotype distribution and Th1/Th2 cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)(More)
PROBLEM Progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF) induces Th2 biased cytokine production; therefore, this study investigates the effects of PIBF on the protein kinase C (PKC)/Ca(++) system - which plays a key role in Th1/Th2 differentiation. METHOD OF STUDY Proteins from PIBF-treated cells were reacted on Western blots with phospho-specific antibodies(More)
With its genomic and non-genomic actions, progesterone plays a role in preparing the endometrium for implantation and also in regulating trophoblast invasion and migration. The genomic actions of progesterone are mediated by the classical nuclear progesterone receptors, PR-A and PR-B. In addition to their genomic actions, nuclear progesterone receptors may(More)
BACKGROUND The outcome of HCV infection and the response to antiviral treatment depend on both viral and host factors. Host immune response contributes not only to viral control, clinical recovery and protective immunity, but also to chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis. Establishing immunological status and identifying pretreatment immunological factors(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is an endogenous neuropeptide having a widespread distribution both in the nervous system and peripheral organs including the female reproductive system. Both the peptide and its receptors have been shown in the placenta but its role in placental growth, especially its human aspects, remains(More)