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Persistent cervical infections with carcinogenic human papillomaviruses (HPV) cause virtually all cervical cancer. Cytologic abnormalities are the manifestations of HPV infections used to identify women at risk. To compare the potential of the full range of anogenital HPV genotypes to induce cytopathic effects, we examined the influences of HPV type, viral(More)
BACKGROUND The genetic cause of eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) has been largely unexplored until a recent genome-wide association study identified a disease susceptibility locus on 5q22, a region that harbors the thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) gene. However, it is unclear whether the observed genetic associations with EE are disease-specific or(More)
Fanconi anaemia is an autosomal recessive or X-linked disease characterized by progressive bone marrow failure, variable congenital abnormalities and a predisposition to malignancy. Reports of immune function in this population are limited, and include only specific areas of immune performance, showing variable defects. We report a cross-sectional(More)
BACKGROUND IL-17A has been implicated in severe forms of asthma. However, the factors that promote IL-17A production during the pathogenesis of severe asthma remain undefined. Diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) are a major component of traffic-related air pollution and are implicated in asthma pathogenesis and exacerbation. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine(More)
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an Epstein-Barrvirus (EBV)-associated malignancy. Previous studies have shown that NPC is associated with specific human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles which function in adaptive immunity to present viral and other antigens to the immune system. The role of innate immunity in NPC development is unknown. To determine(More)
Cervicovaginal human papillomavirus (HPV) viral load has been purported as a potential marker for the detection of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or cancer (>/=CIN2). To examine disease association with type-specific viral load for the full-range of anogenital HPV infections, we conducted cross-sectional and prospective analyses of(More)
BACKGROUND Epithelial genes have previously been associated with asthma but only explain a small fraction of heritability. In part, this might be due to epistasis, which is often not considered. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine independent and epistatic associations between filaggrin (FLG), serine protease inhibitor Kazal-type 5 (SPINK5), and thymic(More)
The 5' untranslated region (UTR) of retroviruses contain structured replication motifs that impose barriers to efficient ribosome scanning. Two RNA structural motifs that facilitate efficient translation initiation despite a complex 5' UTR are internal ribosome entry site (IRES) and 5' proximal post-transcriptional control element (PCE). Here, stringent RNA(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes associated with multiple asthma phenotypes and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional study was conducted at a pediatric hospital in 275 school-aged children diagnosed with asthma and their caregivers. Genomic DNA was(More)
Infections with carcinogenic human papillomaviruses, the causal agents of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer, as well as infections with noncarcinogenic human papillomaviruses, are common but typically resolve spontaneously. Effective cell-mediated immune responses are critical for human papillomavirus clearance; however, data relating cervical(More)