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The ability of the water-soluble dd-carboxypeptidases of Streptomyces strains albus G, R61, K11 and R39 to perform transpeptidation was studied. The donor was diacetyl-l-lysyl-d-alanyl-d-alanine, and a whole range of amino acids, peptides and structurally related amino compounds were tested for acceptor function. No compound tested was an acceptor for the(More)
The values of the kinetic parameters that govern the interactions between the Streptomyces K15 DD-peptidase and beta-lactam compounds were determined by measuring the inactivating effect that these compounds exert on the transpeptidase activity of the enzyme and, in the case of [14C]benzylpenicillin and [14C]cefoxitin, by measuring the amounts of(More)
1. Peptides that inhibit the dd-carboxypeptidases from Streptomyces strains albus G and R61 were synthesized. They are close analogues of the substrates of these enzymes. The enzymes from albus G and R61 strains are in general inhibited by the same peptides, but the enzyme from strain R39 differs considerably. 2. The two C-terminal residues of the peptide(More)
In the presence of N(alpha),N(epsilon)-diacetyl-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala as donor, and either D-[(14)C]alanine, [(14)C]-glycine, or meso-[(3)H]diaminopimelic acid as acceptor, the DD carboxypeptidases from Streptomyces R61 and R39 catalyze a transpeptidation reaction with the release of terminal D-alanine from the donor and the formation of either(More)
Wall peptidoglycan expansion in bacteria rests upon a cytoplasmic D-Ala: D-Ala ligase (ADP) which catalyses synthesis of a D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptide (with accompanying hydrolysis of one molecule of ATP) and a set of DD-peptidases which utilize this D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptide--once it has been translocated at the outer face of the plasma membrane as the C-terminal(More)